Gurbantungut Desert

The Gurban Tungut Desert is at 44 ° 15 ′ to 46 ° 50 ′ north latitude and 84 ° 50 ′ to 91 ° 20 ′ east longitude. It is the second largest desert in China. The area east of the Manas River and south of the Wulungu River is located in the center of the Junggar Basin, covering an area of ​​48,800 square kilometers. 300 to 600 meters above sea level. It is composed of 4 deserts. The western part is the Soubugur Bouglai Desert, the eastern part is the Huo Jingerising Desert, the central part is the Dezosoten Elisson Desert, and the north is the Kububei-Akum Desert. The Junggar Basin is a temperate arid desert. The annual precipitation is 70-150 mm. Most of the interior of the desert are fixed and semi-fixed dunes, which occupy 97% of the entire desert area, forming the largest fixed and semi-fixed desert in China. The coverage of vegetation on the fixed dunes is 40-50%, and the semi-fixed dunes are 15-25%. It is an excellent winter pasture. The plant species in the desert are rich, reaching more than 100 species. Flora components are in the transition from Central Asia to the deserts of Central Asia. The western and central parts of the desert are dominated by the species of desert vegetation in Central Asia. They are widely distributed in white hawthorn, hawthorn, absinthe, wormwood, hops, sorbus and many ephemeral plants. It is bordered by the Ganjiahu Sousuolin Nature Reserve, which is the only nature reserve established in China to protect desert vegetation covering an area of ​​thousands of hectares.

The farms and pastures in the reclamation area are distributed in a stripe on the southern edge of the desert. Among them, the farmland of Hongta, 107, Tudunzi, 102, 103, Fangcao Lake, 106, and Xinhu has extended into the desert. The 102nd Regiment and the 103rd Regiment are the closest passages from Urumqi, the capital of the autonomous region, to the hinterland of the Gurban Tungut Desert. The green desert channel starts from Wujiaqu. The east line exits the oasis from the 107th group field. The west line enters the desert via the 10th group field and the 14th line. It enters the desert and is about 60 kilometers long. The end point is to Lop Nur in the Junggar Basin. Host Haizi, Baijia Haizi. On this passage, the oasis and desert hounds are intertwined, forming a unique natural humanistic landscape. On one side are populus euphratica, shuttle, yellow sheep, ancient natural ecology; on the other side are mechanical farming, electric wells, sprinkler irrigation, modern oasis civilizat ion. On one side, there are sand dunes stretching, lonely, and life is scarce; on the other side, there are green waves, singing and laughing, full of vitality.

Competition between life and death, green waves and yellow sand are intertwined, modernity and primitiveness coexist, and it is an ideal place for sightseeing and inspection of natural ecology and artificial ecology. There are no waves of grass and endless sandy seas and yellow waves , there are green trees in the saplings and red willows in bloom; there are ever-changing mirages in the mirage, and there are all kinds of strange wind-eroded landforms; there are wind and sunshine, yellow sheep roam, and goshawks low spin The tranquil scene has thrilling scenes of strong winds, flying sand and rocks, and darkness. The yellow sand is hot at noon to warm up the eggs; the cold at night is like entering winter. Desert exploration, you can continue northward from Haizi, and cross the hinterland of Gurban Tungut along the Gulu Road to Altay. The vast desert oasis not only has various spectacles and wonders, but also retains a lot of precious ancient Silk Road cultural relics. Beiting D uhufu Ruins (South of Hongqi Farm), Tudunzi Grand Mosque, Beacon Tower, Maqiao Forbidden City, Xiquan Smelting Site, 103rd Regiment Xinqu Chengzi Remains, 105th Regiment Toudaogou Ancient City Relics It s all near this passage.

Because it is a desert, there are few places to live, so it is best to bring food equipment, but it is good to cook and fire yourself, because there is thenardite everywhere

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