As early as the Western Han Dynasty, the Che Shi Kingdom in the Western Region was divided into two parts, the front part is located south of Bogda, and its capital is located in the old city of Jiaohe, Turpan; the rear part is located north of Bogda, and Wang Ting is in Jimusa today. Beiting ancient city north of the county. At that time, the commercial and trading transactions, information transmission, and summer and wintering of the chariots and the backland countries usually passed from Turpan across the Tianshan Shiyaozi Daban (Jongdaban) to Jimusar. This is a north-south ancient road that crosses the Tianshan Mountains.
On the ancient Silk Road, business travel and the army crossed the eastern Tianshan Mountains from the southern Xinjiang and entered the northern Xinjiang. Although there are many accessible mountain roads, the most convenient is the Cheshi Ancient Road. According to the Book of Xizhou , the ancient road goes out of the border of Jiaohe County, to the northwest, to Liugu, to Tongzhou Prefecture for four hundred and fifty miles, water plants, and only people and horses. This north-south mountain road shortens the mileage by nearly half compared with the Urumqi detour, and can travel more than 170 kilometers. There are many stations along the way and the traffic is quite busy. In the same year, the Lion King returned to Gaochang to live in Gaochang in the winter , and went to the North Court to avoid summer heat in summer. He traveled on the Cheshi Mountain Road. The envoy of the Song Dynasty, Wang Tingde, envoyed Gaochang. There was still business between the Tao and the Qing Dynasty. Due to the disparity of the climate between the north and the south of Shangnan, the wheat opened early in the south and late in the north, so the poor pastoralists came and went to work in short-term jobs. To this day, small vendors in Turpan and Jimusar occasionally sell fresh fruits through this ancient trail on donkeys. Livestock from Turpan to Jimusar still pass through this lane. Due to the improvement of traffic in modern times, this pedestrian has basically disappeared, so the ancient road has maintained its original and simple appearance, and has become an ideal route for tourism exploration and Range Rover.
The ancient road of Cheshi integrates the aesthetic characteristics of strangeness, danger, seclusion, and majesty, and the natural and human landscapes complement each other. The winding mountain trails extend along the river of Daise Mountain, and there are some sections hovering in the cliff rocks and straight into the clouds Some sections are laid on colorful flowers and grass slopes, and some sections cross the rapids, pass through dense forests, pass through dangerous gorges, and are less than 2 meters in narrow places. Along the way, there are ancient fortress ruins, cymbals, stone people and other cultural monuments, as well as natural landscapes such as stone gates, overpasses, waterfalls, and strange flowers.
古 This ancient road can be crossed in the north-south and north-south directions. From Turpan on the southern slope of Tianshan to Jimusar on the northern slope of Tianshan, the transportation is more convenient. You can take a car from Urumqi to the stone kiln at Turpan Five-Star Farm, then hike into the mountain, cross the 3400 meters of Qiongdaban, and enter Jimusar County Alpine pastures on the northern slope of the Tianshan Mountains in the territory, cross Liudaoqiao to Quanzi Street Township, take a shuttle bus to Jimusar County, and then transfer to the shuttle bus to return to Urumqi. In turn, take a shuttle bus from Urumqi to Jimusar County, rent a car directly to the entrance of Quanzi Street, then hike into the mountain, cross Qiongdaban to Shiyaozi Ranch, take a pre-connected car (Shiyaozi is a ranch reception station, (No shuttle service) back to Urumqi.
D1. Take a shuttle bus from Urumqi in the morning, arrive at Jimusar County in three hours, and then rent a car for more than 40 kilometers to reach Yangzigou, Quanzi Street. Hike into the mountains, travel 10 kilometers that day, reach 4 bridges, and camp in the river valley.
The ancient road is divided into north and south sections. Due to the climate, the natural landscapes are quite different. The area of Quanzi Street belongs to the northern slope of Tianshan Mountain, and the vegetation is abundant. When you enter Yangyanggou, the winding mountain trail runs along the river in the color of Daise Mountain. The sections of the road circle in the cliff rock, in the middle, straight into the clouds, some sections are laid on colorful flower slopes, and some sections cross the rapids , pass through dense forests, pass through dangerous gorges, and are less than 2 meters in narrow places. When the river is rushing in the gully in midsummer, the ancient road runs around both sides of the valley, and there are six wooden bridges on the way to Qiongdaban.
Ascending along the ancient road, the altitude gradually increases, and the trees gradually become sparse. There are many petroglyphs of ancient nomads on the hillside near Wudao Bridge. There is an artificially excavated Shimen Xiongguan between Wudao Bridge and Liudao Bridge. Must go.
D3. Cross the altitude of Qiongdaban and enter the south of Tianshan Mountain, and descend 25 kilometers along the dry valley to reach the mouth of the valley. When you see a large river, you will camp on the riverside that day.
Qiongdapan is at an altitude of 3400 meters, which is the highest point of the ancient road and the watershed of the North and South Tianshan Mountains. On Daban, you can see a mysterious old castle that is not suitable for construction, and a stone tower built with stones on the highest part of Daban. Even in mid-summer, Daban is often snowy.
D4, 5 kilometers down the river to the Kiln Ranch reception station, return to Urumqi by scheduled car. You can also rent a black car of a local herder (unlicensed car, not many cars, can not be guaranteed at any time) , arrive at the Five Star Ranch, and then take a shuttle bus to Turpan and transfer to the shuttle bus to Urumqi. You can also go to Daheyan and take the train back to Urumqi.
After crossing Daban, you entered the south slope of Tianshan Mountain, the climate is dry and it rarely rains. The deep valley of Nanpogou is steep, and the ancient trail is on the left side of the deep valley. It is quite well preserved, and traces of artificial construction can be seen everywhere. Strangely, you can also see the base of some poles, you can pick up the porcelain bottles on the poles, and there are traces of cement construction in some places on the ancient road. It can be judged that this ancient road was abandoned for a long time.
1. The northern slope of the Tianshan Mountain is humid and rainy. It is best to wear outdoor jackets. Qiongdaban has snow before and after May. Pay attention to cold protection. When passing Daban, bring snow cover and snow mirror. It is the best season for trekking. The climate is suitable, and you can use general camping equipment.
2. The southern slope of the ancient road is relatively arid. There is a long stretch of line from Qiongdaban to Shiyaozi which is a dry river bed. When marching, bring enough water for a day to drink.
3. It is best to bring alpine stoves (burners and gas cylinders) when crossing. One is to prohibit ignition in the forest, and the other is to make fire without wood on the alpine meadow near Qiongdaban.
4. There is no shuttle bus in Shiyaozi, you must rent a car to arrive. There is a shuttle bus from Jimmuzal and Quanzi Street. Urumqi is 165 kilometers from Jimusar County, 30 kilometers from Jimsar to Quanzi Street, and 10 kilometers from Quanzi Street to the entrance. You can rent a car at Jimousar directly to the entrance, or you can rent a car at Quanzi Street to the entrance.