Gongyi Grotto Temple [Zhengzhou, Henan]

Gongyi Grotto Temple is located 15 kilometers north of Gongyi City, south of the Yellow River and under the Dili Mountain on the banks of the Yiluo River. It was founded during the period of Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei Dynasty (471-499 AD) . There are 5 existing grottoes, one thousand Buddha statues, 255 small Buddha statues, three giant cliff Buddhas, 7,743 Buddha statues, and more than 200 inscriptions.

Gong Cross the Yiluo River from Gongyi City, and then drive 9 kilometers northeast along the shore to reach the Grotto Temple. The Grotto Temple is located under Dali Mountain in Siwan Village, Nanhedu Town, Gongyi City. It is backed by Laoshan Mountain, facing the Luohe River, beautiful scenery and beautiful scenery. It has been praised as a “retreat on the misty shore of the river” in ancient times. It merges with the famous Yellow River and Luohe River to form a beautiful landscape.

Built in the 6th century, the Northern Wei Dynasty worshipped the Buddhist grotto temple. Five caves were dug in the mountains. Among the five caves, the first cave is the largest, with an area of ​​6 meters square. Most of the statues in the cave are based on the Lotus Lotus Sutra, and some of them are native art traditions since the Han and Wei Dynasties. They are outstanding works of art with the integration of foreign religions and local culture.

Yanshiyao Temple has an area of ​​9,000 square meters. The courtyard has a wide field of vision and beautiful greenery. It is an ideal place to visit. The ground inside the cave is about one meter lower than outside the cave. It was the silt brought by the flooding of the river that had accumulated over the years and raised the coastal horizon.

The Yanshiyao Temple was built in the Xuanwu Emperor s King of the Northern Wei Dynasty (500-503) next year. Formerly known as Xixuan Temple, the Tang Dynasty was named Shifang Pure Land Temple. Qing changed its name. Eastern and Western Wei Dynasty, Northern Qi Dynasty, Sui Dynasty, Tang Dynasty and Northern Song Dynasty have successively carved statues here. The Grotto Temple currently has 10 main halls and east and west halls, five caves, and one thousand Buddha statues. There are three giant cliff Buddhas , 255 giant cliff statues, 7,743 Buddha statues, and dozens of inscriptions.

Most of the statues of the Buddhas in the Que Grottoes have square-faced faces, elegant expressions, and quiet, simple clothes. Figures of ritual Buddha, flying sky, beasts, and Buddhist stories are the relatively complete relief statues of the Northern Wei Dynasty . The most exquisite is the first cave The Emperor s Ceremony and Buddha Figure . The composition is divided into three layers. To the east is a male support headed by the emperor as a guide. Contrast. In the fourth cave, the Emperor s Ceremony figure has unique ingenuity. The supporters of the ceremonial and ceremonial ceremonies guarding the back of the ceremonial Buddha s ceremonial ceremonies have big belly stools, stern looks, and thin and obedient servants, one third smaller than the main statue. Some of the honor guards carried the queen s dress, some fanned umbrellas, and some hand-held sacrifice vessels. They swarmed the empress into the Xiangli Buddha, showing the grand scene of royal religious activities. The co mposition is simple and vivid, and the work is delicate. It is a rare masterpiece in China s cave relief art.

Most of the Buddhist altars carved by Kugakulu are fixed patterns of one Buddha, two disciples and two bodhisattvas. The Nirvana change in the west wall of the first cave and the Vimo change in the east wall have departed from the characteristics of deep eyes , high noses, and clear bones in the early Northern Wei Dynasty. Instead, they have a round face and a quiet expression. Artistic image. Clothing pattern carving also tends to be simplified.

Most of the buildings in the Queshi Cave Temple no longer exist, only the main hall of the Ming Dynasty and the east and west chambers still exist. Before liberation, criminals at home and abroad colluded and stole the statues of Gongxian Grottoes. A statue of a bodhisattva displayed in the Fogg Art Museum of Harvard University in the United States was cut from the north side of the fifth wall of the Buddhist shrine in Cave 5. After the founding of the People s Republic of China, the government attached great importance to the protection of the Gongxian Grottoes, built protective houses, carried out reinforcement repairs, and renovated the two tigers in front of the grottoes and the Noble Heroes Hall.

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