Inside the Ci en Temple at the southern end of Yanta Road in the southern suburbs of the ancient city, stands the quaint and majestic Big Wild Goose Pagoda. It is the most famous ancient tower in existence in Xi an and is considered a symbol of the ancient city. The famous ancient tower of the Tang Dynasty is drawn by the central emblem of Xi an.
The Big Wild Goose Pagoda, the full name of The Great Wild Goose Pagoda of Ci en Temple , was built in 652 AD. The pavilion-style brick tower uses grinded bricks against the seams. Prisms are displayed on the brick walls, which can clearly separate the wall partitions. It is a unique Chinese traditional architectural art style..
According to historical records, Ci en Temple was built by Emperor Gaozong Lizhi of Tang Dynasty for his mother Wende Emperor to pray for Yinfu. It faces the Daming Palace Hanyuan Hall to the north, and is surrounded by Qujiangchi, Xingyuan and Leyouyuan, with beautiful scenery. The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is the first host of Abbot Xuanzang from Ci en Temple to return from India. He brought back a large number of Sanskrit classics and Buddha relics. He designed and directed the construction in order to worship and store these treasures. Xuan Zang was respected as the Three Tibetan Masters and once ruled out that it was difficult to go to Xitian to study the scriptures. Tang Gaozong and Tang Taizong wrote the Prefaces to the Preface of the Three Tibetan Sects in the Tang Dynasty and the Prefaces to the Preface to the Three Sects of the Holy Sect.
The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is a pavilion-style brick tower with a height of 64.517 meters and a side length of 25 meters. The tower is a square pyramid. It sits on a square brick platform with a base area of 42.5 × 48.5 meters and a height of 4.2 meters. The tower is made of blue brick. The body is grinded against the seams, and the structure is rigorous. The exterior is made of imitation wood structure. The size decreases from bottom to top. There is a spiral wooden ladder in the tower. There are arched door holes on four sides of each floor, which can be overlooked by the fence. The whole building is grand and magnificent, its style is solemn and simple, its shape is simple and steady, and its proportion is moderate. It is a masterpiece of architectural art in the Tang Dynasty. Many famous poets of the Tang Dynasty came to the Great Wild Goose Pagoda and left their best-sounding sentences, such as Du Fu s High standard crosses the sky, the gale is endless ; Zhang Bayuan s But the strange bird flies to the ground, from the sky, . In particular, Cen Shen s Floating Picture of Ci en Temple with Gao Shi and Xue Jitong ; The tower is like a gush, solo towering heavenly palace; Ascending out of the world, the martyrdom vanishes. Sudden pressure over China, like a ghost worker; Four corners hinder Since the day, the seven-layered sky has a sky. Peeping down to point to the high bird, and screaming and smelling the wind; Lianshan is a wave, and it looks like it is facing east. Acacia crosses the road, and the palace view is exquisite; Autumn comes from the west, and it is full. Guanzhong. Wuling North Plains, eternal youth. Clear understanding of enlightenment, Teng Yinzong Su Zong; vow to hang the crown, feel endless resources. The poet s magnificent description and philosophical exclamation often resonate when people ascend the tower.
As early as the Tang Dynasty Emperor Zhongzong s year of the dragon, the custom of the Yanta title was formed. Fan Xin Jinshi and the first must first have a banquet in Qujiang and Xingyuan together, then go to the Big Wild Goose Pagoda and commemorate the title of the tower. At the age of 27, Bai Juyi became a jinshi, and wrote the poem The title of Ci En tower, the youngest of the seventeen people; Liu Cang s more heroic title and the New Year s election victory tour, Xing Yuan s early banquet Qu Jiangtou; Purple inscriptions on the purple wall, immortal books with liu-colored flutes, the title of the wild pagoda and the immortal are mentioned together. It can be seen that they are filled with the joy of spring breeze, and the wild pagoda title is regarded as a great honor. Later, the Great Wild Goose Pagoda has formed the scene of the four walls of the tower house, all of which are the titles of the Prime Minister . Unfortunately, a fire during the Northern Song Dynasty rebell ed the precious inscription wall.
When I arrived at Ci en Temple, people would naturally think of Xuan Zang, a famous monk in the Tang Dynasty. He was the first abbot here. Xuanzang, a teacher from Henan, is a well-known traveller, translator, and Buddhist scholar in the history of our country. He traveled west from Chang an in 628 AD and arrived in India after hardships and dangers. In the motherland, the court held an unprecedented grand welcoming ceremony at Ci en Temple, dispatched more than 1,500 Xuan vehicles, more than 200 embroidered Buddha statues, more than 500 prayer flags embroidered with gold threads, and entered the temple and sent off monks to 500. Zhuangbao car, unprecedented grand occasion. Xuanzang brought back 657 Buddhist scriptures, and successively translated 74 Buddhist scriptures in Hongfu Temple, Ci en Temple, Yuhua Temple, etc., totaling 1335 volumes. He has translated the most books and translated the most among the four major Buddhist translators in China.
At the request of Emperor Taizong of Tang, Xuan Yuan also dictated by his disciples, and recorded the history of 110 cities and towns and 28 rumored regions and countries, mountains and rivers, folk customs, property climate, and politics that he experienced during his 17-year journey. Culture, religious beliefs, etc., are organized into 12 volumes of The Tang Dynasty s Western Regions , leaving precious cultural heritage for future generations. This legendary character is respected as the Three Tibetan Mage . He has not feared hardships, and has ruled out the difficult story of going to Xitian from 1981, which has been widely spread since the Tang Dynasty. On this basis, the novelist Wu Chengen of the Ming Dynasty wrote Journey to the West, one of the four major theories in ancient China.
The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is indeed a home of Buddhist classics and a temple built by the royal family. It has a prominent position and a large scale, and it is also a place to visit in Xi an.