Simple and peculiar Hakka folk customs

Opening the history of the counties in the west of Fujian, walking through this 19,000 square kilometers of hot land in the southern country, the colorful culture created by the Hakkas and the diverse folk customs will leave people with unforgettable memories. Hakka children compose brilliant chapters with their own hands, and counties in western Fujian have won the reputation of the hometown of culture.

The real formation of the Hakka people line, although only a few hundred years old, but the gorgeous culture and unique style created by the Hakka people can be said to have a long history. For thousands of years, the Hakkas have made long journeys and frequent migrations from north to south; they have not only retained the outstanding cultural traditions of the ancient Han people, but also absorbed the outstanding culture and customs of the Minyue, Dong, and Yao ethnic groups. As a result, Hakka culture is full of emotions, clouds, steaming clouds, and unique features. Become a glorious page in Han culture!

The wedding ceremony of Hakka people in Minxi is not interesting. The welcome team of the man s family arrived at the woman s house, and the bride went out and stood in the rice sieve with the gossip Taiji picture and changed into new shoes . It was called crossing the rice sieve.. Then he went out of the house, and when he got into the car (in ancient times, he used a sedan), the brother splashed a bowl of water on the car, indicating that the married woman had poured water. At this moment, the bride wept loudly. After arriving at the man s house, he was led by a happy woman holding a tangerine (a sweet, auspicious garden plate) across the fiery wood charcoal stove to show prosperity. When getting started, the bride walked across the chicken and called it the chicken. After entering the hall to worship, they entered the cave and the wedding banquet began. Late at night in the cave room, until the fun.

On the spring day of the lunar calendar, Yin Guanxian went to the countryside to hold a spring cow ceremony. Officials dressed as spring officials whipped paper or spring cows or real cows to plow the fields to show the importance of farming. In the countryside, sacrifices are held in front of the gods. Every family picks holly branches and peach blossoms and ties them on bamboo poles to make spring handles. They stretch out from the patio to the sky and place offerings in front of the hall. When the spring arrives, incense candles and firecrackers are set, Welcoming Spring and Blessings, praying for the family to live and work in peace and harvest. In some places, spring cows or paper zhachun cows are made from soil and distributed to households . They are placed next to the stove, praying for wind and rain, and grains to be abundant.

[Hakka women s cool hat] has a history of more than 1,000 years. The cold hat is made of thin thin film or straw. The top of the bucket is sewn with cloth, and some are embroidered with flowers (multi-embroidered plum ). Around the edge, in addition to the front, there are even folds that are five inches long. The multicolored cloth looks like a gorgeous flowing flower in the distance. The unmarried girl was also weaving colorful ribbons at the ends of the drape. The ribbons became a sign of the marriage of the Hakka girls. In addition to blocking the sun, rain, dust and sand, the hat is also a unique headwear for Hakka women.

[Liancheng go ancient] Liancheng County s folk entertainment activities to pray for the weather, Guotai Minan. Going by ancient events, a child dressed in opera stands on a car platform and is carried by 22 young adults. At ten o clock in the morning on the fourteenth day of the first month, it is surrounded by the bodhisattva car, Manmin umbrella, bunting, and ten drums. Mingling all the way, in the crowd of tens of thousands of townspeople and tourists, started the competition , went straight to the leading Tiangong shed and the second shed Ancient Events, Mingming entered the inch, for the first time End of the Antiquities.

[Minxi Han Opera] has a unique style, and is widely popular in Hakka area of ​​Fujian and Longyan and Zhangping. It is one of the main types of local operas in Fujian Province. Concentration, dengue, ugliness, and netism; four major pieces of musical instruments include head strings, Yueqin, Sanxian, and Pipa, as well as erhu, flute, suona, big and small gongs, gongs, bowl gongs, tang drums, big and small money boards, Plywood, etc. More than 200 traditional repertoires have been collected and recorded.

There are up to 36 puppets, and each puppet is suspended by more than 10 lines. The puppet is 76.59 cm long and has a head of about 8.32 cm. Eyes will turn, mouths will close, and limbs can move. Fen Wen, Wu Xiaosheng, Wen, Wu Laosheng, Zheng, Wu, Ugly, Lao Dan, Wen, Wu Jing and Wen Chou. There are two types of music vocals: high tune and stirring. The basic tune of High Tune is Nine Tune and Thirteen Tune, which is mainly based on the Qing Dynasty and sung in Hakka dialect; Chaos absorbs the Western Pixi and Erhuang vocals of the Western Fujian Opera and sings in Mandarin. Each. In the 1950s, the Minxi puppet show team went to Shanghai to participate in a local opera performance in East China and won the Special Artistic Performance Award.

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