Potsdam is located in the eroded mountains and glaciers of northern Germany, 10 kilometers from Berlin. A series of lakes and ponds formed by the Berliner Forest and Havel River provide excellent natural resources for Potsdam s palaces and gardens. The history of this place dates back to the 10th century AD. It used to be the center of political and cultural life in the past and is now a major city in the Berlin area.
10 In the 10th century AD, Slavic tribes occupied the Potsdam region; in the 12th century AD, the Askanian dynasty established its rule here in the city. During the Middle Ages, the Hohenzollerns migrated to the Brandenburg Plain, a turning point in history in Potsdam. In 1617, they built a castle in Potsdam as their residence. After the Thirty Years War (1618-1648), the ruler Friedrich Wilhelm (1620-1688) built a palace here and rebuilt the city. In 1685, following the promulgation of the Potsdam decree, Huguenots and the Dutch poured into the city, and they also had a lot to do with the prosperity of Potsdam. During the reign of Friedrich Wilhelm I (1713-1740), the main functions of the city were strengthened , with French churches and Dutch residents established. During the period of Friedrich II (1740-1786), Potsdam entered its heyday and it became the de facto capital of Prussia. King Friedrich II of Prussia was passionate about art and literature, and he contributed to the develo pment of the Sanssouci Palace gardens and palaces. After the 7-year war (1756-1763), he built many buildings, including a new palace. In the 19th century, Friedrich Wilhelm IV (1840-1861) added 7 buildings and gardens to the courtyard of Sanssouci Palace. The other gardens and parks as a whole have also increased space. Potsdam is a masterpiece in urban design. It organizes gardens and palace buildings in the city from a favorable visual perspective according to the natural background. It uses the principles of symmetry and nature in the design. Despite the rich architectural styles and diverse styles, the entire city remains harmonious. In addition to Baroque or classical styles, there are also Rococo styles, and Sanssouci Gardens are an excellent example of this mixed style. The famous artists of Knobelsdorf, Hinkel and Reine made the 19th-century vintageism a footprint in the early Sanssouci gardens.
The villas and gardens of Potsdam are outstanding artistic achievements, and their eclecticism and bold innovation make them more unique … A series of masterpieces of architecture and scenery are built in a small space, each building has a different style. It did not destroy the harmony of the overall layout, and its design ideas gradually passed over time … Poztan s Sanssouci Palace is the crystallization of many influences … Poztan is a combination of European cities and art fashion in the 18th century. Castles and gardens provide a new model that greatly influences the development of architectural art and the expansion of space in the eastern part of the Oder. This place is a model of architectural innovation and garden art, and it is also a concept of monarchy within Europe. Embodiment.