The Jokhang Temple is located in the center of the ancient city of Lhasa. It was built in 647 AD. It was built by Tibetan King Songtsan Gambo to commemorate Princess Wencheng s entry to Tibet. Later, it was repaired and added to form a huge building complex. The temple has a building area of more than 25,100 square meters. The site of the temple was originally the Wongtang Lake in Lhasa. It is said that Princess Wencheng chose to use the five elements of Yin and Yang.
初 The Jokhang Temple, which was built in the early Tang Dynasty, is not large in scale, with only eight halls. The Yuan, Ming, Jin, and Qing dynasties have been expanded, and the scale has gradually expanded. The existing Jokhang Temple has a four-storey palace with a golden roof and a construction area of 25,000 square meters. The Jokhang Temple is a fusion of Chinese and Tibetan architecture. The beam and bucket arch structure of the main hall are all classical architectural techniques of the Han nationality; but the decoration of the eaves of the stigma is a typical Tibetan style. The structure, shape and decoration of the top of the Tujin Hall also cleverly explore the Han and Tibetan techniques and artistic style. There are many precious cultural relics preserved in the temple, the most famous is the golden statue of Shakyamuni brought to Tibet by Princess Wencheng. On the second floor, there are statues such as Songtsan Gambo, Princess Ruler, and Princess Wencheng. The ha ll and the surrounding corridors are painted with murals, including Princess Wencheng s Entry into Tibet and Jokhang Temple Construction , which have certain historical data and artistic value. In addition, there are rare treasures such as the Tang Dynasty silk weaving Buddha statues, the Ming Dynasty s big silver lamps, pearl Buddha clothing and golden lamps. In front of the main entrance of the Jokhang Temple, there is a Tang Fanhui League monument which is more than 3 meters high and was built in 823 AD .
In 641 AD (fifteen years of Tang Zhenguan), Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty married Princess Songtsan Gambo as his wife, which is a major event in the history of the friendship between the Tibetan and Han ethnic groups. According to the Book , Songtsan Gan sent a large discussion on Lu Dongzan to donate five thousand two thousand gold. Taizong said that he thought he was hired. Fifteen years, his wife Princess Wencheng. The Xiawang Road of the Minjiang River was escorted, and the Kingdom of the King of Heyuan was built. Songzan led the troops to welcome Baihai. Since then, agricultural technology, textiles, construction, papermaking, metallurgy, and other production technology and scientific knowledge such as medical treatment and calendar have been introduced into Tubo. Tubo s medicinal materials and horses have also been continuously transported to the Mainland. At the same time, disciples have been sent to Changan to study. The marriage of Princess Wencheng and Songtsan Gambo h as undoubtedly played a positive role in promoting the friendly relations and economic and cultural exchanges between the Tibetan and Han ethnic groups.
Crisp The Tibetan Lantern Festival is held on the 15th of the first month of the Tibetan calendar. Various temples and folk artists use colorful butter to shape various butter flowers, and hang them on the flower stands on both sides of the Jokhang Temple. The night falls and the butter lamps are lit, such as the stars are shining. Flowers, gods and figures are made from butter, and birds and beasts are so beautiful.
Double room: 30-40 yuan / night / person; the government house (No. 196, Beijing Middle Road) and Xueyu Hotel (No. 4 Tibetan Hospital Road), the accommodation procedures are simple, the price is about 20-25 yuan / person, telephone and hot water (Although the phone is only available in the city, hot water is limited to 1 hour at night). On the door of the hotel room, you can often find out about the trips of the donkeys and callers . When everyone is at random to chat, exchange travel plans and experiences, they often travel together.