Hengshan was once known as Changshan, Hengzong, Yuanyue, and Ziyue. It is located 10 kilometers south of Hunyuan County and 62 kilometers from Datong City. Dongyue Taishan, Xiyue Huashan, Nanyue Hengshan, and Zhongyue Songshan are also known as the Five Sacred Mountains , and are well-known at home and abroad.
According to historical records, as early as more than 4,000 years ago, when Emperor Shun visited North China, he looked at the precipitous peaks of the Hengshan Mountains and the mountains were so towering that he was named Beiyue and the ruler of Wanshan in the north . Qin Shihuang ruled, and the twelve famous mountains in the world were sealed. Hengshan was promoted as the second mountain in the world. Afterwards, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty first named Hengshan as the god, and Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty and Emperor Zhenzong of the Song Dynasty made Beiyue the king and emperor. During the Northern Wei Dynasty, Emperor Taiwu of Tuwu ascended the peak of the Hengshan Mountain. Ming Taizu respected Beiyue as a god. The emperor of the Qing Dynasty also sent messengers to worship at Hengshan. Talented celebrities and humanists Li Bai, Jia Dao, Yuan Haowan, and Xu Xiake also visited the Hengshan Resort, leaving poems and ink marks chanting Hengshan.
The Hengshan Mountains originated from Yinshan Mountain, across the perimeter, across Taihang in the east, Yanmen in the west, Sanjin in the south, and Yundai in the north, and stretched for five hundred miles from east to west., Fanyu, Shanyin, Hunyuan, Lingqiu and other counties), is the watershed between the Sanggan River and the Luan River, a tributary of the Haihe River, known as 108 peaks. Down Maguan, Zijingguan, Pingxingguan, Yanmenguan, and Ningwuguan tigers are dangerous. They are the main points of the throat outside the plateau leading to the Jizhong Plain, and have been a battleground for soldiers since ancient times. The main peak, Tianfeng Ridge, is south of Hunyuan County, at 206.8 meters above sea level. It is known as the North Column of Human Sky, a famous mountain, and the second highest mountain in the world.
Yongheng Mountain Scenic Area is one of the 44 national key scenic spots announced by the State Council in 1982. According to the plan of 1984, the panoramic area is a four-level nature reserve and a nature reserve. The area of and Grade II protected areas is 62.10 square kilometers, centered on the twin peaks of Tianfeng Ridge and Cuiping Peak, including Tianfengling Scenic Area, Cuiping Peak Scenic Area, Qianfoling Scenic Area, Hot Spring Scenic Area and Hunyuan City Scenic spots; Longshan area is a nature reserve.
Xiong Xiong is away from Saibei and faces the wilderness. Hengshan is located on the Saibei Plateau. On a sunny day, when there are few clouds and mist, you can look up from a distance and look up close. The ancients marveled that the dangerous peaks of the Hengshan Mountain had fallen in autumn, and the yellow sand was scattered in the setting sun. Frontier fortress, ancient city peak smoke. Hengshan has become an indispensable place for soldiers due to its steep natural mountainous terrain and geographical characteristics. In the Spring and Autumn Period, the surviving kingdom relied on the Hengshan Mountain; in the Warring States Period, Yan and Zhao stood on the Hengshan Mountain; in the Han Dynasty, the Xiongnu used Hengshan to compete for the world; in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Murong s and Hengshan prestige the world; During the Northern Wei Dynasty, Tuoba s relied on Hengshan. And the world is divided; Song battles Hengshan to guard the world; Jin Mao Hengshan whips the world; Y uan annihilates the world, and the Qing reigns the world, also relying on Hengshan as the main body along the Great Wall. Many emperors and celebrities have fought here, which is the most proud of the five mountains of Hengshan. Many ancient battlefield ruins such as ancient gates, castles, and beacon towers have been preserved.
Spectacular and picturesque. The entire Hengshan Mountains seems to be coming from the southwest to the northeast. The mountains above 2,000 meters above sea level stand on top of each other, overlapping and overlapping, with a magnificent and magnificent momentum. Therefore, Northern Song artist Guo Xi said: Mount Taishan is like sitting, Huashan is like standing, Songshan is like lying, and Changshan is like walking. Its landscape characteristics can be summarized as four points: the peaks and rushes, the magnificent, this is the macro characteristics of Hengshan natural landscape. The Tang Dynasty poet Jia Dao s Shiyunyan mountains are so numerous that the ghost Henghao is unpredictable, highlighting the landform features of the Hengshan. Climbing Hengshan, the famous pine trees and cypresses, temples, pavilions, strange flowers and weird rocks, and strange rock formations make up the famous 18 scenic spots of Hengshan. Eighteen scenic spots, each with its own advantages, are like e ighteen beautiful scrolls, showing in front of the tourists the magnetic gorge smoke, Yunge Hongqiao, Yunlu Chunxiao, Hukou pine, fruit old fairy trail, cliff birds, sunset evening photos, Longquan bitterness, quiet Shi Fei Grottoes, Stone Cave Flowing Clouds, Mao Grotto Fireworks, Golden Rooster Reporting, Yuyang Youyun, Purple Aster Cloud Flowers, Zhitu Wenjin, Xianfu Zuoyue, Yitai Nongqin, Yueding Songfeng. Coupled with the world-famous world wonder hanging temple, the entire Hengshan scenery is picturesque, so that visitors like to be in a paradise, stop by. In history, many famous scholars have described the Hengshan Mountain in a moving way, and the historian of the Han Dynasty has a depiction of looking at the mountains and changing mountains. In Tang Dynasty s Jiadao s Beiyue Temple , there are praises in the poems of The Five Mountains in Heaven and Earth, the Hengshan Mountain to the North, the Powerful Rocks and Mountains, and the Strange and Unpredictable . Tang Dynasty poet Li Bai left the ink word spectacular in Hengshan.
The main peak of Wuheng Mountain is divided into east and west peaks, the east is Dafeng Ridge, the west is Cuiping Peak, the two peaks face each other, with unique style, with green cliffs and clear layers. The Jinlong Gorge is located between Tianfeng Ridge and Cuiping Peak. The canyon is deep, with cliffs standing side by side. The sky is narrow, but the narrowest point is only three feet. Since ancient times, it has been a battleground for soldiers. During the Northern Wei Dynasty, Emperor Daowu sent tens of thousands of soldiers, and cut the road here to guard the road, serving as the gateway to the Central Plains. In the Song Dynasty, Yang Ye s father and son used risk as a basis to resist foreign invasion. In the landscape of Hengshan, Guolaoling, Guyuyan, Fei Grottoes, Restore Caves, Tiger Wind Day, and Dawu Bay are full of magical colors, accompanied by beautiful myths and legends. Pinus sylvestris var.mongolica, purple magpie, bitter sweet well are even more wonderful sights in the natural landscape. The bitter sweet well is located in the half waist of Hengshan, and the double wells are juxtaposed one meter apart, and the water quality is very different. A well of water, such as nectar, is sweet and cool, and the well is several feet deep. It is inexhaustible and can be consumed by thousands of people. Tang Xuanzong Li Longji gave the plaque Longquan Guan. Another well water is bitter and hard to drink, which becomes a sharp contrast. The bitter well is closed. Hengshan pine is a scene of Hengshan. Four doctors loose, the roots of ancient pines hung out of the stone, grasped the rock tightly, stood proudly, and stood strong. Viewing the pines at Tiger Wind Gate, or standing on the cliff, or hanging upside down on the cliff, such as umbrellas like wings like a pavilion like a dragon like a bridge, various postures and manners. Hengshan clouds are endlessly changing. Izumo Cave is not far from the mountainside of Madam Houtu Temple. The sun is bright, t he mouth of the cave is silent, and the rain is coming.
Cultural relics and monuments. The hanging temple at the foot of the Hengshan Mountain, the Shajiamu Pagoda at the Fogong Temple in Yingxian County, the brick pagoda at the Yuanjue Temple in Hunyuan City, and Yong an Temple all have important positions in the history of ancient Chinese architecture. In the Liao and Jin Dynasties, Hengshan was a cultural state at that time. There are a lot of academies, academy inscriptions, cliff inscriptions, and couplet monuments. Coupled with the high winds of the Hengshan Mountains and the drastic climate change, the buildings are mostly built on cliffs or excavated with stone rocks, forming unique unique danger features. In the early years of the Western Han Dynasty, temples were built in Hengshan, which has a history of more than 2,000 years. The main temple in the Fei Grottoes was built in the Northern Wei Dynasty and rebuilt in the Tang, Jin and Yuan dynasties. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Hengshan was lined with buildings, the ancestral hall towering towering, and it was called Three Temples, Four Temples, Nine Pavilions, Seven Palaces, Eight Caves and Twelve Temples. Hengshan has a long history as a place for Taoist activities. According to legend, Zhang Guolao, one of the eight cave gods, lived in seclusion in Hengshan. Hengshan Temple. Beiyue Temple is the main temple, as well as the sleeping palace, queen s wife temple, and Ziwei palace. Guanting, White Tiger Temple, Dragon King Temple, Lingguan Mansion, Guandi Temple, Wenchang Temple, Grandma Temple, Chunyang Palace, Bixia Palace and other temple buildings. Hanging Temple is the first wonder of Hengshan.
Beibei Temple, built during the Ming Dynasty Hongzhi (1501-1502 AD), is the most magnificent one in the Hengshan Temple. It is located under the stone wall to the south of Dafeng Ridge, the main peak of Hengshan Mountain. There are 103 stone steps in front of the door leading to the front and down to the mountain gate, and the Beiyue Temple Gate has the four characters Zhenyuan Temple. On the side of the door, there is a long couplet. The upper couplet is: Hengyue Era, the Central Plains, but the sacred dynasty was returned to the horse and herd for three hundred years. The lower couplet is Wenchang Six Star Alliance Beidou is a real talent carved dragon and embroidered tiger. Day. In the Beiyue Temple, there is a statue of Emperor Beiyue. Under the front porch of the Beiyue Temple, there are more than 20 passages of the Qing Dynasty Imperial Hengshan Monuments. These inscriptions, as historical evidence, are valuable information for studying Hengshan.
Another important scenery in the Beibei Hengshan Scenic Area is Xuankong Temple. Xuankong Temple is located on the western rock cliff of Jinlong Gorge, 5 kilometers south of Hunyuan County, at the foot of Beiyue Hengshan. The temple was founded in the late Northern Wei Dynasty (approximately 471-523 AD), and the existing buildings are relics from the Ming and Qing dynasties. Xuankong Temple lies to the west and east, and the delicate, chic and exquisite jade carvings hang on a huge screen. There are 40 pavilions in the temple. In the north and south, there are three eaves on the top of the Xieshan Mountain, standing opposite each other, cascading from low to high, more than a hundred feet above the ground, attached to the cliff, surrounded on three sides by a national hug, six palaces, crossing each other, and flying racks connecting the roads. High and low, communication with wooden stairs, moving back and forth, twists and turns, the layout is wonderful, the whole temple seems to be empty and solid, seeming to be dangerous and secure, the reality is perfect, and the situation is beautiful, a kind of experience in other temples in China The sense of strangeness and danger tightly grasped the curiosity of tourists. There are many statues in the hanging temple, including 78 bronze, iron, clay and stone statues. The clay sculptures in the Three Sacred Halls have the charm of Tang and Ming dynasties. Shi Ying, Wei Wei, Tian Nv, Ananda are full of shape, moving and colorful. Fairy Suona, Wei Yingying Wu, Ananda are devout and have their own style. In the Sanjiao Hall, the three cults of Shakyamuni, Laozi, and Confucius live together in one room. They are intriguing and share the same ancestors. This is a story in the history of Chinese religion. In the hanging temple, there are the Chaodian, Huixianfu, Bixia Palace, Chunyang Palace, the tower pavilion, the sleeping palace, the dressing building, the Royal Monument and so on.
Luheng Mountain Scenic Area has a temperate semi-arid continental climate, with four distinct seasons, cold winters, dry and windy springs, concentrated rainfall in summer, and short sunny days in autumn. There is a big temperature difference between morning and evening here. The ancient poets have the poems of Yanmen Guanwai Yan Yan family, who wears skins at morning and afternoon. The average annual temperature in Hengshan area is 6.1 ℃, the coldest in January, the average -12 ℃, the hottest in July, the average 21.6 ℃. The extreme maximum temperature is 35.9 ℃, and the extreme minimum temperature is -37.3 ℃. It is an ideal place to avoid summer heat.
Traffic 1, traffic: self-driving car from Datong in the direction of Hunyuan, Hunyuan there are signs to Hengshan, the road conditions are general. There is a car from Datong to Hunyuan, which drives at 6:40 every day in Taiyuan, Taiyuan-Hunyuan (297 kilometers). Back to Hengshan and Xuankong Temple from Taiyuan for 50 yuan in low season.
2. Henglu Hotel Datong Hunyuan Hotel Henglu Hotel is located at the foot of the majestic Mount Hengshan. It is the only luxury comprehensive service hotel in Hunyuan County. 5. There are 54 sets of high-grade rooms with more than 150 beds. There is also a 1600 square meter parking lot, which can receive more than 150 internal and external guests at one time. The transportation is convenient and the communication facilities are advanced. It has the excellent conditions for convening meetings and negotiating trade, as well as hotel , bar, song and dance hall, karaoke, and Sana bath and other accommodation and entertainment as a whole. The environment is comfortable and pleasant, and the facilities are noble and elegant.
Train Beijing K3 / 23 7:40 In the tourist season, you can take a coach to Hengshan (more than 60 kilometers) in Datong. Or take the coach from Wutaishan Railway Station to Datong to Hengshan (more than 90 kilometers). Sometimes during the off-season, there are no tourist buses. You only have to take a coach from Datong to Fanshahe (Wutaishan Railway Station) and get off at Xuankong Temple. If you take a long-distance bus from Datong to Hunyuan, you have to change to a taxi or agricultural vehicle to get to Xuankong Temple (about four kilometers) after you get off, which is not very convenient.
7068 times Taiyuan-Datong arrives at 4:50 pm, 4464 Taiyuan-Datong arrives at 6:00 am, 1592 Hangzhou-Datong arrives at 12:49 noon, and then transfer to Datong to Hunyuan. Taiyuan-Hunyuan Automobile (297 kilometers) was driven by Taiyuan in the early days, which can directly reach Hunyuan County.
Similar to other places in Shanxi, Datong s dietary features are still dominated by various pasta dishes. The quality of the food here is very good and the price is low. You can go to the Red Flag Food City in the city. The decoration , service and dishes are all just fine. Ten yuan can make you happy.