Handan City Museum [Hebei Handan]

Handan City Museum is located in the center of the city and was built in 1968. With a construction area of ​​11,000 square meters, it is a palace displaying Handan s history and culture. It is a provincial cultural relics protection unit in Hebei Province and a patriotic education base in Hebei Province.

There are three wrought copper murals in the central hall of the Museum, including “Magnetic Mountain Light”, “Hu Fu Qi She” and “Jian an Fenggu ”, covering an area of ​​210 square meters. In the center of the hall is a bronze horse herd of Zhao Guo.

The museum s display content consists of six parts: (1) Cishan Culture is the representative of the Neolithic Middle and Early Cultures in China. The display highlights the four major creations of Handan ancestors who planted pole millet and walnuts and raised domestic chickens and domestic pigs 8000 years ago. (2) Zhao culture. During the Warring States period, Handan was the capital of Zhao State. The display concentratedly reflects Zhao Guo s political and pioneering spirit, economic status as an iron smelting center, military Hufu riding and shooting reform, and cultural charm featuring music and dance. (3) Tombs of the Northern Dynasties. Wucheng is the capital of the Six Dynasties. Princess Ruru s tomb is a microcosm of Northern Dynasty culture. It reflects the highest level of culture and art in this era. (4) Cizhou Kiln. Cizhou kiln was created in the Northern Dynasty, and became an outstanding representative of our national kiln during the Song and Yuan Dynasties. A large number of unearthed fine works were displayed on the display, which reproduced the glorious history of Cizhou Kiln for more than a thousand years. (5) Centuries of vicissitudes. The display of a large number of materials reflects the rise of modern industry and commerce in Handan and the history of the struggle for national democratic revolution led by China. (6) Handan Urban Planning and Construction Achievement Exhibition. It shows the great achievements that Handan has developed into a modern big city after more than 50 years of planning and construction.

10In October 1999, it was named as a provincial patriotism education base by the Hebei Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government. Handan City Museum is located in the middle of Zhonghua Street in the center of the city. It faces the Zhao Wuling Wang Congtai and has a magnificent momentum. The site covers an area of ​​18,000 square meters, a building area of ​​1,050 square meters, and an exhibition area of ​​5,500 square meters. The main building is divided into upper, middle and lower floors with a height of 26 meters. There are 15 large and small exhibition halls, which can hold various types of exhibitions. The square in front of the museum covers an area of ​​10,000 square meters. The main building s buildings and green pines and cypresses on the square, flower beds, greenery, flowing water fountains, and modern city sculptures symbolizing the rise of Handan complement each other, forming a colorful and colorful cultural landscape.

The Handan City Museum was formerly known as the “Long Live the Thought of Victory Handan Exhibition Hall”, which was completed on December 26, 1968. It belongs to the Political Department of the Handan Regional Revolutionary Committee. In 1971, it was renamed as Handan Regional Exhibition Hall and was affiliated to the Propaganda Department of Handan Prefectural Party Committee. In July 1980, it was changed to Handan Regional Museum and was under the jurisdiction of the Handan Regional Culture Bureau. In May 1984, it was transferred to Handan City, under the Propaganda Department of the Municipal Party Committee, and renamed as Handan City Museum. In May 1987, it was changed to be under the jurisdiction of Handan Cultural Bureau. The Handan City Museum is now affiliated to the Handan City Cultural Relics Bureau. At present, the museum has six functional departments: office, collection and storage department, display department, mission department, security department, and te chnical information department. There are 39 employees, including 4 associate researchers, 6 librarians, 6 assistant librarians, and 18 middle and senior workers.

Handan is a famous historical and cultural city with a long history, splendid culture and glorious revolutionary tradition. Therefore, the Handan City Museum shoulders the sacred mission of promoting the outstanding culture of the Chinese nation and patriotic education to the masses. Handan Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government have always attached great importance to the development of museums and the construction of patriotic education bases. In 1987, invested 100,000 yuan to arrange the Handan Unearthed Cultural Relics Exhibition; in 1994, invested 5 million yuan to carry out the museum s renovation project ; in 2000, it invested 18 million yuan to construct a patriotic education base for the museum. Its contents For: decorating the museum s general sequence hall and six thematic exhibitions of Cishan Culture, Zhao Culture , Tomb of Ruru Princess of Eastern Wei , Cizhou Kiln , Hundan Century and Achievements of Handan City Construction Planning Museum site b uilding maintenance, exhibition hall expansion, cultural relics warehouse construction. After the expansion of the exhibition hall, the building area will reach 10,000 square meters, which can basically meet the requirements for hosting various exhibitions.

① Three large murals are decorated on the north, east, and south walls of the first floor of the museum: one front (east wall) (100 square meters) is a magnificent Zhao Wuling King Hu Fu riding shot: two side walls (total 120 square meters) respectively reflects the scene of Cishan cultural life (north wall) and Weicheng culture style (south wall) of Wucheng, the capital of the Six Dynasties. The mural was designed by Professor Wang Huaiyu, the former Chairman of the Hebei Provincial Academy of Fine Arts and the President of the Provincial Academy of Fine Arts. It is a copper forging process and is currently the largest indoor wrought copper mural in China.

② In the center of the hall, there are a group of three 3-meter-high bronze galloping horse sculptures based on the Warring States bronze horses unearthed from the tomb of Zhao Wangling No. 2 and integrated into the background. Reform, striving forward Zhao culture spirit.

8000 years ago, the first dawn of Handan civilization dawned in Cishan, representing the early and middle Neolithic culture, earlier than Yangshao and Longshan culture, and occupying an important position in archeology.

The Northwest Hall (324 square meters) on the 2nd floor is furnished with Cishan Culture display. The east wall of the exhibition hall is a row of aluminum alloy communication cabinets, displaying 110 cultural relics such as stone grinding discs, stone grinding rods , bracket pots, chicken bones, charcoal millet, charcoal walnuts, and the exhibition line is 32 meters long. The display content is divided into four parts: primitive agriculture, primitive handicraft industry, fishing and hunting collection and breeding, primitive art and faith. In the center of the exhibition hall, a sand table of the Cishan Culture site is placed. In the northwest corner, there is a half-scene-like landscape reflecting the life scene of the Cishan people, which reproduces the scenes of activities such as grinding millstones, making pottery, raising chickens, hunting, and seeding, and integrating typical artifacts unearthed from the Cishan site.. The rich connotation of Cishan culture represented by X iaomi culture, chicken breeding, primitive pottery, primitive art, and walnut planting is highlighted through cultural relic specimens, text, photos, pictures and large landscapes.

国 Zhao Guo is one of the Seven Heroes in the Warring States Period. Handan is the capital of Zhao State. Zhao Culture is the most glorious chapter in Handan s history. Zhao Wuling s Hu Fu Qi She has become a symbol of reform and is of great practical significance.

The north hall (324 square meters) and the northeast hall (188 square meters) on the second floor are displayed in the order of historical development and are divided into: Zhao Guo s political and military reform (Hu Fuqi She), Zhao Guo s economy, Zhao Guo s ritual system, The Zhao Wang lineage, Zhao Guo s territory, Zhao Guochengjian, Zhao s Wangling Mausoleum, Zhao Difeng of the Han Dynasty, and Handan Urban Construction of the Han Dynasty. A row of window-type communication cabinets are arranged on the south side of the exhibition hall and the corners of the east and west, and the exhibition line is about 45 meters. Bronze horses, gold medallions, jade pieces, chimes, chimes, gold and silver Tu Chengyu Duke bottles and other cultural relics of the Warring States Period and Han Dynasty are on display at about 200 pieces. The northeast corner of the Northeast Hall restored Dongmakeng, a funeral burial in the Warring States Period unearthed from Qi Village, Handan.

There are more than 100 ancient mausoleums in the plain and Xigang area between the south of Cixian County and the southwest of Zhanghe and Poyang Rivers. This is the Eastern Wei Dynasty and Northern Qi Emperor s Tomb . The number of painted terracotta warriors and horses unearthed in the Tomb of Emperor Qi of the Eastern Wei and Northern Dynasties is large and large in scale, and it is rare in China.

On the second floor of the newly built back floor, about 600 of the precious cultural relics such as the shield samurai figurines, shaman master figurines, terracotta warriors and Eastern Roman coins, etc., were exhibited on the tomb of Princess Ruzh, one of the emperor s tombs of the Eastern Wei Dynasty. A row of window-type communication cabinets are arranged according to the west wall of the exhibition hall. Relying on the east wall of the exhibition hall, a scaled-down box-shaped cross- section burial chamber is produced, and the tomb structure characterized by sealing, voucher, and inner walls is restored by artistic methods. The tomb chamber and graveway murals are used as backgrounds, and the painted walls arranged in the graveyard and the grave chamber are small . The terracotta warriors are powerful. Spotlights are added in the cemetery to emphasize the visual effects and create the atmosphere of the cemetery, so that the audience can experience the majestic and magnificent mome. ntum of the former North Korean soldiers and horses and appreciate the exquisite mural art.

Yancizhou Kiln is a huge folk kiln system in the ancient North of China. It has lasted for thousands of years and has not been burnt out since the Northern Dynasties. It occupies an important position in the history of the development of ceramics in China, and it still ranks among the eight largest porcelain districts in the country. The study of Cizhou kiln is an international academic topic. Scholars from Japan, Britain, America, Canada, South Korea, Southeast Asia and other countries and regions have studied Cizhou kiln, which has extensive international influence.

The content of the special exhibition of Cizhou Kiln is based on the historical development order of Cizhou Kiln, taking the cultural appearance of each historical period as the objective, and comprehensively showing the difficult course of the generation, development and prosperity of Cizhou Kiln from the Northern Dynasty to the past 1,000 years through modern art means. It shows the hard work, wisdom and great creativity of working people, and depicts the overall cultural outlook of porcelain. This display is a patriotic education base construction project in Hebei Province, and strives to become a national boutique display.

The display contents are: Preface Hall, Northern Sui and Tang Dynasties, Song Jinyuan, Ming and Qing Republic, and the five parts after the founding of the People s Republic of China. It is planned to occupy four exhibition halls of the South Transition Hall (149 square meters), Southwest Hall (324 square meters), South Hall (324 square meters) and Southeast Hall (188 square meters) on the second half of the second floor of the museum, covering an area of ​​early 1,000 square meters. The exhibition line is about 200 meters, and about 450 precious cultural relics of Cizhou Kiln in each period are displayed. Distribution of exhibition lines: The preface hall occupies 16 meters, the Northern Sui and Tang dynasties occupy 25 meters, the Song Jinyuan occupies 80 meters, the Ming and Qing dynasties occupies 50 meters, and 30 meters after the founding of the People s Republic of China.

During the heyday of Cizhou Kiln, the Song and Jinyuan period was a key part of the exhibition, occupying the second half of the Southwest Hall and the first half of the South Hall, and exhibited about 300 cultural relics. This part includes the creation of a large half-scene landscape in the southwest corner (about 35 square meters) of the Southwest Hall, reflecting the environment of the Cizhou kiln in the Song Dynasty, the workshop scene and the traditional craftsmanship of porcelain making.

The Ming and Qing dynasties occupied the second half of the South Hall and exhibited about 200 cultural relics. In the northeast corner of the exhibition hall, there is a residential house with Ming and Qing local characteristics, including the hall and bedroom, which can vividly reflect the furnishings and use of Cizhou kiln.

Southeast Hall plans to arrange modern Cizhou kiln porcelain, including imitation Song art porcelain, popular daily porcelain, porcelain plate murals, and modern art porcelain. About 100 specimens are on display.

Since the rise of Handan for 3,000 years, it has experienced ancient prosperity and decline. The above four special exhibitions display its ancient chapters. Since the beginning of the 20th century, with the opening of the Beijing-Hanzhou Railway, Handan has entered a period of modern development and has embarked on the road to revival. In a century, it experienced the transformation from ancient cities to modern cities, and from modern cities to modern cities. After a century of revival, especially after the 1920s, under the leadership of the Party, the people of Handan in order to win new The victory of the democratic revolution has fought heroically and has a glorious revolutionary tradition. After the founding of the PRC, Handan has undergone tremendous changes. Especially since the 1980s, Handan has experienced another 20 years of reform and opening up, realizing a real revival, and becoming a central city in the border area of ​​Shanxi, Hebei and Henan.

The Handan Centennial exhibition occupies the newly expanded first-floor exhibition hall (600 square meters). The display content is divided into two parts: the history of modern and local revolution in Handan and the history of socialist construction and development after the founding of the People s Republic of China. The political, economic, and cultural activities, historical events, and historical figures have revived the century-old road of Handan s revival.

On the first floor, the South Transition Hall (146 square meters), Southwest Hall (324 square meters), South Hall (324 square meters), and Southeast Hall (188 square meters) were exhibited for the Achievements of Handan City Construction Planning . The real pictures and models show the great changes that have taken place in Handan since the founding of the People s Republic of China, especially after the reform and opening up.

The southeast side of the Museum is the Ji nan Hotel, which is a three-star hotel with two grades of guest rooms. The standard room cost is only 120 yuan, and the sanitary conditions are good. Not far from the hotel there is a coffee shop called Lefang Square, where you can not only enjoy authentic Spanish wine and pizza, but also enjoy traditional Chinese tea art.

Location: Handan City Exhibition Road, near the museum, head east along the road, about 300 meters after crossing Guangming Street. About 1,000 meters in total.

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