Everest means Mother of God in Tibetan, with an altitude of 8,848 meters, the highest peak in the world. It is an approximately east-west arc mountain system, located on the mid-Nepal border in the middle of the Himalayas, and south of Tingri County, Shigatse, Tibet. The Zhu Mulang Ma Alin in the Comprehensive Map of Huang Yu compiled by Kangxi in the 56th year of Qing Dynasty (1717) accurately marks the position of this peak. In 1858, under the auspices of the British, the Indian Bureau of Surveying named the peak of the former director of the bureau, S. Everest. In 1952, the Chinese government changed the name to Everest. The mountain is a giant pyramid with huge glaciers up to 26 kilometers long. At the foot of the mountain is Rongbuk Monastery, the highest temple in the world. On May 25, 1960 and May 27, 1975, the Chinese mountaineering team reached the summit from the north slope. The Chinese Academy of Sciences has organized large-scale comprehensive scientific investigatio ns many times to obtain important scientific data.
Mount Qomolangma is located in Tibet and Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sikkim, and Bhutan. Its main part is at the junction of China and Nepal. The Himalayas are one of the youngest mountains in the world, aged between 10-20 million years. It consists of many parallel mountains, with a total length of 2,450 kilometers from east to west, and 200-300 kilometers from north to south. It is an arc with a southward extension and is a young fold mountain with complex structure. From north to south, it is divided into 4 zones: Chask, Ladakh, Greater Himalaya, Little Himalaya, and Westvalik. The main vein is the highest Himalaya, about 50-90 kilometers wide, mainly crystalline rocks. Make up. The Greater Himalayas are customarily divided into three sections: the west Himalayas to the west of Aipura to Nanga Parbat in India; the central Himalayas between Namunna to Yadong and Chumorali to the east; To the east of the Great Turn of the Yarlung Tsangpo River, the Nanga Bawa Peak is the East Himalaya. Th e average height of the Greater Himalayas is above 6000 meters, with high peaks. There are more than 50 peaks over 7000 meters and 16 peaks over 8000 meters. The world s first peak, Everest, stands on the border between China and Nepal. In the area of more than 5,000 square kilometers around Mount Everest, there are 4 peaks above 8000 meters and 38 peaks above 7000 meters. This phenomenon of pooling peaks is the only one in the world, so it has become the roof of the world . The Himalayas have been eroded and cut by many rivers, forming many canyon channels that are thousands of meters deep, which has become a shortcut to trade and cultural exchanges in Tibet and surrounding areas.
The mountain peak is covered with snow all year round, and the glaciers are overhanging from a distance. Many large-scale modern glaciers have developed at the foot of Mount Everest. Glacial landforms such as ice buckets, angle peaks, and blade ridges are widely distributed. Ice towers stand below the snow line, and the relative height can reach 40-50 meters. There are deep ice caves, The zigzag ice stream is extremely strange and spectacular.
The Himalayas are steep in the south and gentler in the north. The south slope is 6000-7000 meters higher than the Ganges and Indus plains, forming a huge natural barrier. As the south slope faces the southwest monsoon of the Indian Ocean, there is abundant rainfall and dense forests. On the north side of the Himalayas, it is connected to the southern Tibetan valley by gentle slopes, which should be suitable for agriculture and animal husbandry, and has become a gathering place for the Tibetan people.
Here is the world s tallest temple, Rongbu Temple. The temple was founded in 1899 by the Red Church Awang Tenzin Rob. Rongbuk Monastery is also the best place to see Mount Everest; the distance between the two is 25 kilometers in a straight line .
The four snow-capped mountains above 8,000 meters are lined up in a row, which is spectacular. From left to right, the four snow-capped mountains are: Makalu Peak, 8463 meters; Lhotse Peak, 8516 meters; Mount Everest, 8848 meters ; Zhuoyou Peak, 8201 meters.
交通 交通 1, traffic: Everest is far on the border line about 100 kilometers south of the China-Nepal Highway. It is not difficult to find a free ride from Shigatse and Lazi to Xindingri, but the remaining 100 kilometers to the base camp, the chance of getting a free ride is quite low, so it is recommended to go by chartered car from Lhasa.
Before leaving Xindingri, go through the mountain entry formalities at the hotel at the Xindingri intersection: cars entering the area must pay the highway construction fee according to the number of wheels, 100 yuan per wheel; in addition, each tourist must pay 65 yuan For tickets. Walk 11 kilometers along the China-Nepal Highway and see the signs in the Everest Nature Reserve turn left. Since then you have bid farewell to the asphalt road. You must be mentally prepared for the badness of the road in the future .
食 2. Accommodation: The only place to stay near Everest Base Camp is Rongbu Temple. Beds are 25 yuan per person. Staying here is convenient for viewing the views of Everest morning and evening. There is a small restaurant opened by a Tibetan lad at the door of Rongbu Temple, and the door is full of beer bottles. The boss doesn t speak Chinese, but can order and bargain in English. The taste of the dishes is average, but the price is very expensive. It is understandable that all of them are transported from the distant Shigatse all the way.
In fact, In fact, Rongbu Temple and Everest Base Camp are about 8 kilometers away. If you bring camping equipment, you can also live in Everest Base Camp. You need to bring your own stove for cooking. During the climbing season, the liaison officer of the Tibet Mountaineering Association is stationed here in the base camp. At that time, a small amount of food and water can be bought from the liaison officer, but the price is more expensive, which is about 3 times more expensive than Lhasa. Beer costs 10 yuan / listening.
The last place with better conditions before entering Everest is the Everest Hotel, which is located in Xindingri. The standard room with bath and toilet costs 330 yuan / room. But there is a very cheap building behind the main building, without a bathroom, but it is very clean, the price is only 30 yuan / person, and it can also be countered to 20 yuan.
Tickets 3, tickets: entering the Everest Nature Reserve, the same price for internal and external guests 65 yuan / person. Vehicles entering the Everest region need to pay highway construction fees according to the number of wheels, each wheel is 100 yuan. That is to say 400 yuan for off-road vehicles and 600 yuan for trucks. In addition, each tourist has to pay 65 yuan for environmental protection fees.
4. Tip: Not far from Everest is the climbing checkpoint. After checking the entry procedures, they went straight. After 40 kilometers, you can reach a small village called Tashi Zong. There are two or three small restaurants with almost no vegetables, so you can eat something. When you continue to walk for about 30 kilometers, you can see the spectacular sight of 4 snow-capped mountains above 8000 meters when you cross the Passage Pass. From here, you can reach Everest Base Camp by walking more than 20 kilometers.
Note 5 5. Note: Before entering Everest, you need to apply for a border defense permit, which can be done in Lhasa or Lazi County. However, it is troublesome to apply for a permit in Tibet, so it is best to get it at the place where the residence is registered. Fill in the destination when applying for the permit, and write the Mount Everest area on the scheduled day.