The Chinese Dai people are a minority with a long cultural tradition, with a population of nearly one million. They mainly live in the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture in southern Yunnan, the Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture in the west, and Gengma, Menglian and other autonomous counties. The rest are scattered throughout Yunnan.
The Dai nationality has a long history, and the Dai language belongs to the Qiang branch of the Zhuang-Dong language group of the Sino-Tibetan language family. The whole nation believes in Buddhism, but primitive religious activities are also more common, such as sacrificing to the walled gods, walled ghosts, agricultural sacrifices, hunting sacrifices, and spiritual worship.
The Water-Splashing Water Festival is the New Year festival of the Dai people, and is also the most important festival of the Dai people. It is held every April in the lunar calendar (equivalent to May in the Lunar Calendar) and generally lasts three to four days. The first day is Mai Day, which is similar to the Lunar New Year s Eve, and the slang term is Wanduo Shanghan , which means to send the old. At this time, people have to clean up their houses, clean up, prepare for the annual meal and various activities during the festival. The second day is called annoying day, and annoying means empty. According to custom, this day is neither the previous year nor the following year, so it is called empty day; the third day is called empty day Maipaia Late Ma is said to be the day when the spirit of Paya Late returns to the earth with a new calendar. People are accustomed to seeing this day as the king of the day, and it is the New Year s Day of the calendar.
The Songkran Water Festival originated in India and is a ritual of ancient Brahmanism. It was later absorbed by Buddhism. It was introduced into the Dai region of Yunnan, China, through Buddhism with Myanmar from about the end of the 12th century to the beginning of the 13th century. With the deepening of the influence of Buddhism in the Dai area, Songkran Festival has been passed down as a national custom for hundreds of years. During the Spreading Water Festival, the Dai people gradually combined it with their own national myths and legends, giving the Splashing Water Festival a more magical meaning and national color.
To this day, there is a very interesting myth circulating among the Dai people: In ancient times, there was a demon in the Dai area. He was wicked and prostituted, and he lost his crops, the people were unsettled, and the people were boring. People hated him but couldn t deal with it in many ways. Later, the demon occupied seven civilian women as wives. The girls saw their compatriots living a tragic life and were determined to find a way to eliminate the devil. The clever Seven Girl found his fatal weakness in the words of the devil, that is, only the devil s own hair can be put to death. One night, the demon fell asleep drunk, and the girls bravely plucked a hair from his head and tied his neck tightly. Sure enough, the demon s head fell off immediately. But as soon as the head hit the ground, a fire broke out on the ground. Seeing that it would cause disaster, the girls immediately picked up their heads, the fire went out, and the demon disappeared. In order to prevent the fire from re-igniting and harming the people, the sisters decided to take turns holding the devil s head and change it every year. When changing people every year, people flush the girl holding the head in order to wash away the blood and adult fatigue. Later, to commemorate the seven witty and courageous women, the Dai people poured water on each other on this day of the year. Since then, the Dai people have formed a grand festival called the Water Splashing Festival.
In the Mai Ri, early in the morning, people will pick flowers and green leaves to worship at the Buddhist temple, and take the clear water to bath the Buddha -washing the dust of the Buddha statue. After the Bath Buddha , collective water splashing began. Groups of young men and women used a variety of containers to hold water, pouring out of the streets, chasing playfulness, and splashing everybody. Water splash, family crazy , Splash wet, happy life ! The blossoming water flowers symbolizing auspiciousness, happiness, and health are blooming in the air. People are pouring in and pouring out with laughter and laughter. They are very happy, the whole body is soaked, and the mood is high …
The Water Splashing Festival is also a beautiful time for unmarried young men and women to find love and cultivate happiness. During the Songkran Festival, unmarried young men and women of the Qiang nationality like to play “packet loss” games. The girl s hand -made flower bag is a token of love. On the day the bag was lost, the girls did everything they could to dress up, then came to the charter with a flower umbrella, carrying a small flower bag, and separated with the boys on both sides, thirty or forty steps away, and started throwing flower bags at each other. If the boy can t catch the flower bag thrown by the girl, he has to insert the flowers prepared in advance on the girl s hair bun. If the girl can t get the bag dropped by the boy, he has to put flowers on the boy s chest … I gradually selected each other in this way, and a romantic love story began …
Dragon boating is one of the most exciting activities of Songkran Festival, which is often held at Maipaya Evening Horse (Day 3). On that day, people in festival costumes gathered on the banks of the Lancang River and the Ruili River to watch the dragon boat race. There are dozens of strong sailors moored on the river. There are dozens of strong sailors sitting on the river. When the order is sounded, the ready-made dragon ship flies forward like an arrow. On the whole river, drums, gongs, horns, cheers, cheers Sounds, one after another, sounds corresponding, the atmosphere of the festival reached its climax here …
The Dai people can sing and dance, and the Songkran Festival is inevitable. Large-scale dances are mainly arranged on the third day of Songkran Festival, such as elephant foot dance and peacock dance. From the seven or eight-year-old dolls to the seventy or eighty-year-olds, they put on festive costumes and gathered in the village square to participate in group dance. Elephant foot dance is enthusiastic, stable and chic. The dancers form a circle, dancing in concert with manganese gongs and elephant foot drums, cheering I, my or water, water while dancing! The peacock dance is beautiful, elegant, and lyrical. It is the soul of the Dai dance. The dance is based on the peacock s various postures. In the recreation of beauty and interest, the peacock dance focuses on the aesthetic purpose of the Dai children. There are also many dancers enjoying their improvisations. Some sing and dance, and some even drink while jumping. They are intoxicated and wild, jumping for days and nights with out fatigue.
Floating up is another reserved program for Songkran Festival. Gao Sheng is a kind of fireworks made by the Dai people. The bottom of bamboo poles is filled with gunpowder and other ingredients. It is placed on a high-rising rack made of bamboo , connected with leads, and is often set off at night. When it is raised, the ignition of the lead to burn the gunpowder will generate a strong thrust, pushing the bamboo into the sky like a rocket. The bamboo spit white smoke, making a wailing howling sound, and at the same time spewing gorgeous fireworks in the air, just like flowers, dazzling, very beautiful. On the ground, the sound of cheering and cheering one after another, the sound of discussion and praise continued, or it was lively.