When traveling to Chongqing, don t forget to check out Dazu Grottoes. There are not only beautiful and decent Guanyin, the mysterious and legendary Prince of Kowloon bathing, rich Buddhist scripture stories, but also vivid and exquisite pictures of herdsmen training cattle, strolling in a statue Before the statue, it was like being in a magnificent palace of art.
In the long-term development process of Chinese cave art, each period has accumulated its own unique mode and connotation. The early grotto art represented by the Yungang Grottoes (Wei Jin period, 4th-5th century AD) was more obviously influenced by the Indian Gandhara and Ganduowu arts, and the statues mostly showed the characteristics of Huxiangfanxiang. The medium-term grotto art represented by the Longmen Grottoes (Sui and Tang dynasties, 6-9th century AD) shows the characteristics of the fusion of Indian culture and Chinese culture. Dazu Stone Carvings, a masterpiece of late cave art, has absorbed and melted the essence of the early cave arts, and has made breakthroughs in previous topics in terms of theme selection, art form, modeling skills, and aesthetic appeal. With its characteristics, it has become a model of Chinese-style grotto art, and together with Dunhuang, Yungang, Longmen and other grottoes constitute a complete history of Chinese grotto art.
Dazu stone carving was created in the late Tang Dynasty and flourished in the two Song dynasties. It is mainly based on Buddhist statues. Confucian and Taoist statues are combined with Chen, which is a model of late cave sculpture art in China. There are more than 70 stone carved statues with a total of more than 100,000 bodies. Among them, Baodingshan and Beishan Cliffs (Grottos) are the most famous. Dazu stone carvings are large in scale, rich in content, and concentrated in statues. Every generation of great teachings has been exhausted as contained in the Buddhist scriptures. Characterization. The Tang Dynasty figures are dignified and full-bodied, with a strong temperament; the fifth generation sculptures are exquisite and exquisite, and the expression is elegant; the Song Dynasty works are beautiful in shape, proportioned, and gorgeously dressed. The carvings are superb, the people and the gods are close together, and it has the national aesthetic taste. In 1961, the state anno unced that Baoding Mountain and Beishan Stone Carvings were the first national key cultural relics protection units.
There are nearly 10,000 stone carved statues in Beibei Mountain. The main statue is centered on a land about 1 mile long, shaped like a crescent moon, and named Fowan Bay. The stone carvings here were excavated in the first year of Tang Jingfu (AD 892), after five generations and two Songs, and operated for 250 years. These stone carvings are characterized by fine carvings and vivid images, the most exciting of which are several statues of Guanyin, Wenshu and Puxian.
The statues of Guanyin are generally dignified and solemn. However, the Goddess of Mercy here is elegant and beautiful, with rich expressions, and looks kind and lovely. Some people commented that this is obviously the image of a Han girl pursuing a beautiful life. It can be seen that the power of art has broken through the norms of religion. There are six statues of Guanyin, Manjusri, and Puxian in the No. 136 Xinshenche Cave, each with different expressions and different personalities. Sitting on the back of an elephant, Puxian has a slender figure, a beautiful face, a smile, a gentle and demure expression, and a graceful and elegant expression. It is a female image with full oriental beauty. A well-known art critic praised the statue and thought that she was more unique than the world-famous sculpture of the goddess Venus. However, some people also think that from the perspective of the art of carving, she should also count the number of bead hands in Guanyin the best, and call her the crown of Beishan stone carving. The Guanyin shape is well-proportioned, the skin lines are soft, the face is sculpted into its fine, the face is round, slightly smiley, and the expression is moving; coupled with the gorgeous costumes and the dancing belt, it gives people a sense of flirtation. Some people call her Mei Guanyin because she feels beautiful.
The stone inscriptions at Luobaoding Mountain are very different from Beishan in style. Most of the engravings here use a group of statues to continuously express one or more Buddhist stories with different contents, which is not only rich in content, but also has a strong atmosphere of life. For example, a group of stone inscriptions called Parent s Enlightenment transforms the process of parenting, from pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, to children growing up, marriage, parting, etc., with eleven groups of statues. Each group expresses a theme. The characters, thoughts and feelings are very vivid and delicate, and they are all engraved with text descriptions. Tourists watch the stone carvings here as if if are enjoying the ancient serial pictures. The Birth of Shakyat is quite interesting. After the birth of Shakya, he sat half-length in the stone basin with two Luxi hands holding the stone basin. There are nine dragon heads carved on it, and the central dragon head spit wa ter to wash the Prince Edward, named Jiulongyu Prince. Where does water come from? It turns out that there is a pool on this cliff wall. According to this terrain, it is not suitable for cliff carving, because the cliff wall will be eroded by day by day. However, the ancient stonemason skillfully used the carving to drain the pool of water from the faucet, and turned the unfavorable conditions into favorable conditions. This kind of ingenuity cannot help but admire people.
A Thousand Hands Avalokitesvara is a very magnificent statue. Its thousand hands (the exact number is 1007 hands) stretch out from the top, left, and right directions like a peacock, and each hand is carved beautifully. Soft, holding axe, sword, rope and other magical instruments in his hands, in all kinds of postures, nothing is the same.
Many people think that the idyllic stone carving Cattle Cow Dojo full of rural life interest is the most wonderful, it shows the herd boy taming. The stubborn strength of the cattle and the leisurely expression of the shepherd boy after taming the cattle are very vivid and vivid. Another feature of the stone carvings of Baoding Mountain that is worth introducing is that after the overall planning and design, it first carved out a sample as a blueprint, and then expanded the carving. It s like building a house and making a model now. This is rare in Chinese grotto art.
Dazu stone carvings have made important contributions to the innovation and development of Chinese cave art. It pays attention to the aesthetic and formal laws of sculpture itself, and is a good example of the development of cave statues towards the cliff statues. In the technique of three-dimensional modeling, using the complementary methods of realism and exaggeration, it is difficult to show and convey difficult feelings, and impart different personality characteristics to different characters, in order to express the heart. Emphasizes the strong contrast between good and evil, beauty and ugliness, the content of the expression is close to life, the text is popular, the idea is simple and concise, it has a strong artistic appeal, and has a very social education. In the selection of materials, both from the classics, but not sticking to the classics, it is extremely inclusive and creative, and it reflects the rational requirements of secular beliefs punishing evil, promoting goodness , withering the mind, and standardizing behavior. The layout is a clever combination of art, religion, science, and nature. Aesthetically, the combination of mystery, nature, and elegance fully reflects the aesthetic requirements of the factory s traditional Chinese culture. In the performance of L, we broke through the old formulas of some religious sculptures and developed creatively. The idols are humanized and the humans and gods are united, which is very rich in Chinese characteristics. In short, Dazu stone carvings have created new forms of grotto art in many ways, and have become a model of grotto art with Chinese style and traditional Chinese cultural connotation, as well as embodying Chinese traditional aesthetic thoughts and tastes.
Dazu Stone Carving is a model of artistic life on the grotto. With its strong secular beliefs, simple atmosphere of life, it is unique in the grotto art, pushing the grotto art life to an unprecedented place in the factory. In terms of content selection and expression, they strive to be closely integrated with worldly life and aesthetic taste. The figure is quiet and gentle, with gorgeous clothes and little nudity; the body strives for beauty without demon, and beauty without coquettishness. In the statue, whether it is Buddha, Bodhisattva, or Luo Han, King Kong, and various waiter statues, they are quite similar to the real portrayals of various characters in reality. In particular, Baoding Mountain cliff statues reflect a wide range of social life scenes, almost everything, like a folk custom gallery in the Song Dynasty. Regardless of whether he is a minister, an official, a gentleman, or a fisherman, all kinds of figures are vivid and vivid. It can be said that it is a vivid picture of historical life. It condensed from all sides to reflect the life of Chinese parties in the late Tang to Song Dynasty. The grotto art from India has been developed for a long time, and the process of sinicization has been completed.
In short, on the scale of the scale, the essence of accomplishment, rich in content, Dazu stone carvings can be regarded as a great masterpiece of art. It is not only an important part of Chinese grotto art, but also the most magnificent page in the world of grotto art in the end of the 9th century and the middle of the 13th century.
Friends from Chongqing can go to Caiyuanba Coach Station (also available at Chenjiaping Coach Station) and take the Chongqing highway to Dazu County directly to the bus (every 20 minutes) to Dazu in about an hour and a half, the fare is 40 Around RMB (considering the factors of holiday fare increase).
Of Friends from Chengdu can take a direct bus to Dazu at the Hehuachi Coach Station, the price is about 80-100 yuan (considering the increase in holiday fares).
After arriving in Dazu, you can choose to walk or call a taxi to Beishan Stone Carving. The starting price of a local taxi is 3 yuan. There is a CMB bus to and from Baodingshan Stone Carving at the county station. The fare is 3 yuan / person.
In 1999, the catering markets in some counties and cities in Chengdu, Chongqing, and Sichuan and Chongqing blew a whirlwind of posthouse catfish. The strong momentum of the catering industry unexpectedly hit the table. In Chongqing, the popularity of the catfish in the post booth surpassed the past spring chickens and roast chickens. Just in the area of Binjiang Road, Qimen, there are more than a dozen large and medium-sized post booth catfish stores. Thousands of diners flock to it. Continue until the next morning. In Chengdu, there are also many large-scale hot pot restaurants and Chinese restaurants, Turk the Law on Horses. Wenhua Road, Yulin District, East Rongchang …… Many restaurants have changed their flags and hung the posthouse catfish signboard. The average postal catfish store can sell more than one hundred kilograms of catfish per day, and the larger stores can sell two to three hundred kilograms of catfish per day. Even so, it cannot meet the needs of consu mers. Sometimes you have to number waiting seats. At the same time, the fish-shaped plates necessary for eating catfish in the post booth were sold out in the tableware market in Rongcheng, and the price of live catfish continued to rise.
You can see the signboard of “Yuting Sturgeon” everywhere in Rongchang, Yongchuan, Tongliang, Laoshan, Anyue, Nanchong, Mianyang, and even in some cities outside Jiangsu and other provinces, you can also see “Yuting Sturgeon” shops …
In Youting Town, Dazu County, the birthplace of Yuting Yuyu, Youying Yuyu has developed rapidly. Between Yuting Cement Plant along the Dayou Highway and the Gongtie Bridge, a street of Yuting Yuyu has been formed, with more than 20 households operating With nearly 100 employees, many foreign diners came here to make a special trip to taste the authentic postal catfish. Tourists who came to Dazu, after a dazzling sight at Baoding and Beishan Stone Carvings, went to the post booth to a street full of food. The most famous signboards in the Sturgeon Street of the Post Pavilion are Liu Sanjie Sturgeon, Yangmen Authentic Sturgeon, and Post Pavilion Chen Sturgeon. Among them, the brand of Post Box Chen Yuyu has applied for registration with the State Administration for Industry and Commerce.