Daocheng, the ancient name Daoba, means a wide area of the ditch in the Tibetan language. The highest altitude of Daocheng is 6032 meters, the lowest altitude is 2000 meters, and the county seat is 3750 meters above sea level. It is a Tibetan settlement, in addition to Han, Naxi, Hui and other ethnic groups.
The geography and topography of Indao City are special. It is high in the north and low in the south, high in the west and low in the east, and the mountains are undulating and rough. The ridges and valleys alternate, forming high-altitude mountains that have snow all year round, deep low-lying valleys, wide pastures, rugged streams, and beautiful scenery.
The northern part is the plateau wide valley area. Erzicheng River in Haizi Mountain, 3600-5000 meters above sea level. It is the largest ancient ice body on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and is known as the Daocheng Ancient Ice Cap. Its ice-eroded terrain is fully developed, with ice-drenched rock basins scattered around, with 1,145 large and small sea seeds within more than 3,200 dry kilometers, the scale and number of which are rare in China. It is an important base for studying the glacial landforms of the Quaternary. Fossil teeth of dinosaurs were excavated in the middle of 1982, and eucalyptus fossils were found in the south. Haizi Mountain has a series of peaks, ravines and ridges, with large and small Haizi boulder, strange rocks and beautiful scenery.
The middle part is Shanyuan District. Including Mount Pova and the Chitu River. The Chitu River is clear and beautiful, and schools of fish shuttle. The riverside pastures are vast, the streams are criss-crossed, and the forest is endless. The mountains of Powa Mountain are magnificent and the scenery is clear in four seasons. It is snowy in winter and covered with silver. In spring and summer, the cuckoos are spreading and fighting.
The southern part of the mountain is the alpine gorge area, and the first mountain of Russia is the Dongyi River. Russia s first mountain is 5140 meters above sea level. It is tall and tall, but it is tall and straight, but it is still handsome, like a beautiful fairy sitting on the cloud. What people are most intoxicated with at the beginning of Russia is the autumn colors of the early Russia: the delicate red, the bright yellow, the soft green, colorful, the mountains and the mountains. The Dongyi River is like a horse galloping down from the beginning of Russia. The rocks and trees on both sides of the river are towering, the rocks are rocking, the waves are rumbling, the waterfalls are cascading, and the mountains and rivers are beautiful.
Adjacent to Russia s first mountain is the famous charm of the snowy region of the Tibetan region-Daocheng Shenfeng. It consists of three snow peaks, and the name is passed down by the fifth generation: the north peak Xiannai, meaning Guanyin Shansa, 6032 meters above sea level, the south peak Yang Maiyong, meaning Wenshu Shansa, 5958 meters above sea level, Dongfeng summer Nordogly, meaning Vajrayana Bodhisattva, is 5958 meters above sea level and has a total area of about 800 square kilometers. Daocheng Shenfeng is frozen and snow-locked, magnificent. The five-colored seaside of the mountainside is colorful and endlessly changing. The grasslands under the mountain, rare birds and beasts live in harmony with people. Tibetans see it as a mountain of worship, and there is a constant stream of worshippers.
Indao City has a long history and culture. Among the 13 temples in the county, Xiongdeng Temple and Gonggaring Temple are famous. Gonggaring Temple is a magnificent building with a bronze statue of Maitreya from the fifth century, a rare cultural relic; Xiongdeng Temple was built in the early Ming Dynasty, and it contains 100,000 chanting books and enshrines hundreds of Buddha statues, including nine Panchen Sandalwood Shakyamuni Buddha Statue. Although the Tibetans in the territory share the same source, because of their scattered living, the mountains and rivers are blocked, which also leads to differences in language, clothing and customs. In the strong religious atmosphere, many unique and profound humanistic colors have been added.
In 1928, American botanist and explorer Joseph and Locke arrived here. In July 1931, he wrote articles and published photos in the National Geographic magazine. Since 1979, British, American, and Japanese scientists have come to inspect and praised its rich species resources and beautiful natural landscapes. In December 1997, the provincial government approved it as a provincial nature reserve, and is currently applying for a national level.. The special geographical structure and climatic characteristics of Daocheng are high. For a long time, due to its remote location, inconvenient transportation, and inaccessible people, it also benefits from deep religious culture. Its natural environment is better protected, and it is a piece of land without human action. Pure land. Religious and cultural influences in the past millennium, Daoquada temple buildings throughout the county. Different folk customs and customs, festivals, weddings and funerals, festive ceremonies, costumes, music, son gs and dances are all affected by religious culture, exudes an irresistible charm, and people outside Syracuse enter this area one after another Holy land, appreciate its quaint and unique cultural atmosphere.
Indica City is a treasure trove of world scenery, a natural paradise for wild animals and plants, and even Shangri-La in the eyes of people. She is a beautiful village aunt who kept in a deep boudoir. Her amazing natural scenery, quaint folk customs, mysterious and primitive human landscape, finally broke through the barriers of time and space, glowing with youthful charm and charming charm, which made her photographers fall in love with her pomegranate skirt. Next, use a beautiful picture to show her tone and style in front of us.
Daocheng County is rich in resources with more than a thousand species of woody plants. The main rare wild animals are leopard, white-lipped deer, woolly crested deer, mule, bear, Tibetan antelope, rock sheep, forest musk deer, red panda, macaque, pangolin, Tibetan horse chicken, and hen. Wait.
Location: Located on the southwestern edge of Sichuan, south of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. It is located at 27 ゜ 58 ~ 29 ゜ 30 north latitude and 99 ゜ 58 ~ 100 ゜ 36 east longitude. Daocheng is bordered by Muli County in Liangshan Prefecture to the southeast, Xiangcheng County in the west border and Zhongdian County in Yunnan Province to the north, and Litang County in Ganzi Prefecture to the north.
Generally speaking, friends going to Daocheng must overcome two major problems in transportation and accommodation. The accommodation problem in Daocheng is not something that can be solved just by spending money. In October, Daocheng Aden is the most beautiful time of the year, so there are a large number of people. At the same time, the reception capacity along the way to Daocheng is limited. The reception capacity of Aden Scenic Spot is only 1,000 people a day. The reception capacity of Daocheng County is no problem. Tourists.
Entering during the National Day, access will be restricted. If the reception is completed but no room is booked in the scenic area, they will not be able to enter the Aden scenic area. You have to stay one night in Riwa and then enter the scenic area the next day. The entrance to the Aden Scenic Area is now located in Riwa. Danba, Yajiang, Litang, and Daocheng have better hotels to check in. Daocheng has a three-star hotel, the Yading Hotel, which is not in the county seat of Yading. Secondly, there is a guest house of the county government. In the scenic area, you can stay in a wooden house hotel or tent, or a dwelling. There are Chonggu temples (but the conditions are poor) in the scenic area for accommodation, and large tents. There is a large tent for accommodation in the velvet farm, but the sanitary conditions are poor, it is recommended to bring a sleeping bag. There are many tourists going to Daocheng on National Day, and many hotels have become overcrowded. If you don t want to spend time looking for hotels, it is recommended to book hotels in advance.
In Daocheng, you can live in a power hotel or a government guest house. There is no separate toilet, and a double room in the power hotel has a TV. Bathing in Daocheng can only be done on the first floor of the Power Hotel. There is also hot water in the public toilets of the Power Hotel.
有 In Riwa Township, there are the famous Sansheng Ruyi B \\ u0026 B and Green Field Aden. The two doors are right at the entrance of the village. Sansheng Ruyi Store is backed by a stream, and the sound of flowing water is in the ears; the facilities on the second floor of Greenfield Aden are newer, and there is also a parking lot. Both prices are 15 yuan / day per person (10 yuan / day on the first floor of Greenfield Aden).
Accommodation places in Yading Nature Reserve are divided into three: pine forest, Chonggu Temple, and Roueriu Farm. Among them, Songlin and Chonggu Temple are about 500 meters away and about ten minutes walk. Chonggu Temple camping site is the best choice to see Sennirichi, both in terms of scenery and scale. The pine forest is below the Chonggu Temple, but it is just a place to stay without any scenery. The location of the camping site of the Rongniuchang is about two hours from the Chonggu Temple and the conditions are similar to the pine forest. It is the best place to see Yang Maiyong. The above camping sites are all large tents or military tents. Inside are bunks or steel beds, air beds, and quite thick quilts, 15 yuan per person per day.
If possible, it is best to bring your own rain tent. The Chonggu Temple is often full, and even the pine forest is often full. It is not allowed to build tents at Chonggu Temple (if there is a space in Chonggu Temple), and it must be discussed with the administrator. Even if you set up your own tent in Chonggu Temple, you will be charged 10 yuan / day per person, but you can borrow a quilt from the warehouse of the large tent. In the absence of accommodation, you can ask the driver s driver and the temple for help. They can introduce you to a trusted Tibetan home.
In Daocheng, you can live in a Tibetan home, which is more economical and affordable, and you can eat in a dwelling, 15 yuan / person / bed. In addition, Tibetans also sell foods such as boiling water, butter tea, and instant noodles.
Daocheng Accommodation: Forestry Hotel: 30 standard rooms, 20 single rooms, 10 luxury suites, 220-380 yuan / room; Power Hotel: 5 ordinary double rooms, 2 single rooms, 1 4-person room (color TV, electric heating) Blanket ), double room 80 yuan (color TV, electric blanket), single room 50 yuan / room (no TV and electric blanket); Daocheng Hotel: 12 ordinary double rooms (color TV, electric stove, electric blanket), 150 yuan / Rooms , 5 ordinary triple rooms (color TV, electric blanket) 75 yuan / room; Daocheng Yading Hostel: 8 ordinary double rooms (color TV, electric stove, electric blanket), 80 yuan / room, 8 ordinary triple rooms (color TV, electric heating) Blanket), 105 yuan / room.
Accommodation in Hatsukaichi Township: Greenfield Aden Hotel: 5 rooms for four people at 15 yuan / person; Sansheng Ruyi Hotel: 5 rooms for four people at 15 yuan / person.
In Daocheng County receives about 1,100 people a day: The hotel receives 450 people, including the county government hotel, Hongyan Hotel, Lanyue Valley Restaurant, etc. It costs ￥ 40 ~ 120, standard room; the residential house receives 650 people, ￥ 15 ~ 25 per person. There are 330 people in Riwa Day, ￥ 20 ~ 30 per person; Aden Day receives 1400 people, mainly in tents, ￥ 25 ~ 30 per person. Aden ticket is ￥ 128 per person, one-way ride from Riwa to Longlongba ￥ 88 per person, horse, Longlongba to Chonggu Temple ￥ 60 per person and horse, Longlongba to Luorong cattle farm ￥ 130 per person and horse.
There are two main types of trips to Daocheng County: one is from Zhongdian, Yunnan, through Xiangcheng County, Sichuan, and then to Daocheng County; the other is from Chengdu, west through Kangding, Litang (South Sichuan-Tibet line), and then south to Daocheng County. Chengdu-350 kilometers from Daocheng, 430 kilometers from Kangding to Daocheng, and 110 kilometers from Daocheng to Along Longba. From Chengdu to Daocheng, there are two ways to go: Northbound: Chengdu-Dujiangyan-Wolong-Siguniangshan -Danba-Takung-Xinduqiao-Daocheng. Southbound departure: Chengdu-Ya an-Luding-Kangding-Xinduqiao-Daocheng. If time permits, enter Daocheng from the south line and return to Chengdu from the north line. It is the best and most comfortable to tour Daocheng, Kangding, Hailuogou and Danba, and Siguniang Mountain at one time. The road conditions are bad (the construction is suspended during 5.1, the road conditions will not be greatly improved), it is easy to delay time and affect the mood, so it i s recommended to take the northern line back and forth and spend about 8 days to bring Daocheng, Danba, and Four Girls The mountains are gone.
Chengdu It is about 350 kilometers from Chengdu to Daocheng. The long-distance shuttle bus takes two days. The first night is overnight in Kangding. Second night to Daocheng. The shuttle bus from Chengdu Xinnanmen to Daocheng now runs once a day, and the fare is 215 yuan / person. If you can t buy the ticket for that trip, you can take the shuttle bus from Chengdu to Kangding first, and then go to Daocheng by car in Kangding. The actual effect is similar, and they will spend the night in Kangding. From Chengdu to Daocheng, you will pass the famous Lanlang Erlang Mountain (to open the Erlangshan Tunnel on December 1, 2000 to end the history of the single-line westbound and double-line eastbound of the Sichuan-Tibet line), after passing Litang and approaching Sangdui You will see Haizi Mountain.
There are three-wheeled motorcycles available for rent in Indaocheng County. Walking in the county is 2 yuan / time. It can be rented to the suburbs by the hour, 15 yuan / hour.
From Daocheng County to Yading Nature Reserve is divided into two sections: from the county seat to Riwa Township, and from Riwa Township to Yading Village and Chonggu Temple. There are about 74 kilometers of road from the county seat to Riwa Township. After passing the salad village out of the county seat, there is a sheep-intestine dirt road in Panshan. The dust is flying in sunny days. Renting a car in the county seat to Riwa Township is only a car that chooses the tourism bureau, Jeep 250 yuan / car. You can arrange for the driver to pick you up when you return, or you can find a return car in Riwa Township (it may be 100 yuan cheaper, but you have to wait) or find a local car to return to the county seat. On the way, I passed two temples, one was across the mountain after passing the Salad Village, the Jingshe shone bright white light in the sun, and the other was in the half-way Gongling District, which is the famous Gongling Temple and the ancient temple in Ading Under its juris diction.
The road from Riwa to Aden costs about 350 yuan / car. You can also choose to ride a horse when the road conditions are not good. This mountain road is very beautiful, about 30 kilometers. It takes about seven hours to go on horseback , and to drink horses and rest on the road. The cost of renting a horse is 35 yuan / day per horse (mule, donkey), and the groom is 30 yuan / day. It is basically a groom per livestock, and those carrying luggage are no exception. The return trip is slightly faster, about six hours (downhill). The mountain road is steep and rugged, and from time to time you have to dismount to walk a dangerous road. However, the horse trail has been traveling along a rushing stream, with high mountains and deep forests, clear water flowing, and yellow and red trees dotted in autumn. Flowers bloom in spring and are rare natural wonders.
Riding The two sections from the Longlongba reception center in Aden to Chonggu Temple, and from Chonggu Temple to Luorongniuchang are also mainly horse riding. Horses are basically provided by the tourism bureau to ensure the safety of tourists.
From Aden to Chonggu Temple, you can see the village of Aden under the mountain in the distance. From Chonggu Temple, you can ride horses to the velvet cattle farm on the higher mountain, where there are three sacred mountains, which are empty and quiet . The one-way journey from Chonggu Temple to Niuchang is two hours, about ten kilometers. You can also go up to see the small mountain lakes such as the Five-colored Sea and the Milk Sea. You can only walk from the cattle farm to Wusehai and Milk Sea (no horse riding allowed), please ask a guide for 80 yuan.
Summary: Daocheng mainly focuses on Tibetan foods such as steamed buns, ravioli, buttered tea, beef and mutton, barley wine, and yogurt, but there are also some restaurants that provide tourists with meals that can provide rice and stir-fried vegetables. Less . The dishes from Daocheng to Yading-Riva Township are simpler. In order to prevent the special tastes from being unable to adapt, tourists are better to bring some dry food. Aden is the only place where tourists can eat. No matter what the dishes are, they all have a kind of buttery taste. If you are used to it, you may not bring anything. Otherwise, prepare to be hungry. There is only one food and accommodation point in Chonggu Temple and Scenic Area—Chonggu Temple Tent Hotel . In order to have more time to enjoy the beauty of Xanadu and not waste it on the way back and forth, sufficient dry food is essential.
Green barley: Green barley, also called barley barley and yuan barley, are the main raw materials for Tibetan people to make barley, stir-fry the barley and grind it into noodles and mix with butter. People also mix barley with peas to make mash . The green rice dumplings are not only traditional Tibetan food, but also the main restaurant that appears in Tibetan areas as a Tibetan meal. It has become an important food for Chinese and foreign guests. During religious festivals, the Tibetan people have to throw the rice dumplings as a blessing. Beef and mutton: Tibetan people mainly eat beef and mutton and dairy products. Vegetables are generally not eaten in pastoral areas, and the diet is monotonous. From the perspective of a single diet, pastoral areas and even Tibet are high-fat, high-protein diet areas. It is well known that beef and mutton are high in calories, which helps people living in high altitudes to resist the cold. It is interesting that Tibetan people have the habit of eat ing raw meat. If you go to some herders or farming homes, you will see dried beef and mutton hanging in the house or tent. If you go to these people as guests, the owner will take out the dried beef The lamb is for you to taste, this flavor can only be tasted on the plateau.
Beverages: Various beverages are indispensable for constituting nutritional food for the Tibetan people. Tibetan drinks include butter tea, sweet tea and barley wine. Ghee tea is not only consumed at the same time as the staple food, but also used as a daily drink. Ghee tea and sweet tea are made of ghee, milk or milk powder plus tea, salt, and sugar, respectively. Ghee tea and sweet tea both have the function of tea. Treating guests with butter tea is an ancient Tibetan tradition. Whether you walk into the herder s tent, the peasant s dirt hut, or visit relatives and friends, the host will always make mellow butter tea for you to taste. Tibetan compatriots traveled far away, and relatives and friends came to bid farewell to present a white Hada, and a bowl of butter tea, wishing the travellers good luck and good luck. Another Tibetan barley wine is fermented by barley. It is used by men, women, and children in Tibet. Tibetan people brew a large amount of barley wine before the festival. From April to August in the Tibetan calendar, almost all traditional and non-traditional festivals, religious festivals and non-religious festivals must be accompanied by sweet and intoxicating barley wine, to the green grass, in groups of three or five, set up a variety of The colorful tent, while drinking barley wine, singing and dancing, shows the charm of Tibetan wine culture. Ghee tea is the most famous and popular beverage in any Tibetan region. It is made by mixing milk cheese with Tibetan horse tea and salt. The first tasting is not very used, and after two or three attempts, there are many addicted people.
Butter: You can see butter in Tibet anytime, anywhere. On each street, the herdsmen put pieces of ghee on the ground, hold them in their hands, and sell them everywhere; no matter in urban or rural areas, the supply of ghee must not be cut off; into every family The things in the cabinet can be lacking, but not without butter. In short, ghee is an indispensable food for every Tibetan. Ghee is extracted from cow and goat milk. It is interesting for herders to make butter. In Tibet s pastoral areas where milk separators have not been widely used, people still use soil to extract butter. The herdsmen women warmed the milk slightly, then poured it into a large wooden barrel called Xue Dong, and then beat it up and down hundreds of times. The oil and water were separated, and a layer of yellow fat floated on it. Suck it up, pour it into the skin pocket, and cool it into butter. Ghee has high nutritional value. The Tibetan people, especially in pastoral areas, rarely eat vegetables and fruit s, and their daily calories depend on butter instead of meat. There are many ways to eat ghee. It is mainly made with ghee tea, and it is also eaten in the bowl. In the New Year, the folks fry fruits and Casai, and also use ghee. Ghee tea Ghee tea is the daily food of the Tibetan people. In general, the Tibetan people must drink a few cups of butter tea in the morning before going to work or work. When visiting the homes of the Tibetan people , they usually receive butter tea. The method of making butter tea is to boil the brick tea with water for a long time, then pour the tea into Dong Mo (ghee tea bucket), put the butter and salt, and vigorously pump Jia Luo up and down dozens of times, stir the water and milk, and then pour The pot is heated and becomes drinkable butter tea. Butter tea, because it has butter, can produce a lot of heat, and it can protect against cold after drinking. It is a kind of seasoning suitable for alpine regions. The tea juice in butter tea is also very stron g, and it can play a role in promoting health and quenching thirst. The Tibetans drink butter tea and have a set of rules. It is usually added as you drink, not finished in one sip, but you must always fill the teacups of the guests; if you do not want to drink, do not touch it; if you drink half, you cant drink anymore, the host fills the tea in the cup Just put it down and drink it again when you leave. This is in line with the habits and courtesy of the Tibetan people.
Qiang: Qiang is one of the main Tibetan food. The method of making ravioli is to dry and fry the barley (belonging to barley, there are two types of white, purple and black) and grind it into fine noodles. This is similar to the fried noodles in the north of China, but the fried noodles in the north are ground first and then fried, but the ravioli is first fried and then ground without peeling. Most Tibetans eat dumplings. Most of them first pour a small amount of buttered tea into a bowl, add some noodles, and stir them by hand until they can be kneaded. When they eat, they continue to knead in the bowl., Send mouth and eat. There is also a way of eating thin-boiled meat, which contains some meat, wild vegetables and the like, called Tuba. Ravioli is more nutritious than winter wheat, and it is easy to carry. Just go out and carry a wooden bowl, waist girdle Tanggu (糌粑 pocket), and solve a little tea. You dont need to make a fire to cook.
Qingjiu wine: A kind of wine made from qingjiu with a low degree of alcohol, which is popular among Tibetans, men and women, and is a must-have for festive celebrations. The production of barley sprinkles is simple. First, wash and boil the barley, wait for the humidity to drop slightly, add wine koji, fill it in a clay pot or wooden barrel, and let it ferment. After two or three days, add water and cover the lid. After one or two days, it will become barley wine. Barley wine is light and sweet, about 15-20 degrees, divided into two, three and three wines. When you visit a Tibetan family, you are accustomed to drink a full glass of wine. You take a sip and add it; drink a sip and then fill it up; you have to be thirsty and drink in a cup. After that, you can drink freely.
Dairy products: There are more cattle and sheep in Kham area, and there are more dairy products. The most common are yoghurt and milk curd. There are two types of yogurt, one is cheese, which is called Daxue in Tibetan, and is made from ghee-refined milk; the other is made from ghee-free milk, and is called Russian in Tibetan. Yogurt is a food after saccharification of milk. It is richer in nutrition and easier to digest. It is suitable for the elderly and children . Milk scum is the substance left after the butter is extracted from the butter. After cooking and water evaporation, the milk scum is left. Milk residue can be made into milk cakes and milk cubes. In the process of boiling milk, you can also peel off the milk skin, which is called Bima in Tibetan. Milk crust is like tofu crust, delicious and nutritious. Milk is an important food for Tibetans, and people take it with them when they go home or go out.
Air-dried meat: Tibetans like to eat air-dried beef and mutton. Other ethnic groups feel a little scared and feel unhygienic. In fact, air-dried meat is generally made in winter, often at the end of November. At this time , the temperature is below zero, cut the beef and mutton, hang it in a cool place, and let it freeze and air dry to remove moisture and maintain umami. After March or the following year, the roasted or raw food is taken off and the taste is delicious.
Game foods: Daocheng is a season of wild mushrooms from July to September each year. There are 57 kinds of wild edible mushrooms. Among them, the best-selling Japanese matsutake can be easily eaten here; Enjoy boletus and other delicious wild mushrooms. Cordyceps stewed Tibetan chicken, Fritillaria stewed Tibetan chicken, Astragalus stewed Tibetan pig: Daocheng is rich in high-quality Cordyceps, Fritillaria and many precious Chinese herbs. However, such foods need to be booked in advance. Roasted whole lamb and original Tibetan flavor make you eat quickly.