Forbidden City: Formerly known as the Forbidden City. In the center of Beijing. The imperial palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties was built in 4 years (1406) in Yongle, China s largest and most complete ancient building group. Yongle was basically completed in 18 years. So far, it has gone through 24 emperors for more than 560 years.
Although it has been rebuilt and expanded many times during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it still maintains the original layout. It covers an area of more than 720,000 square meters and has a building area of 150,000 square meters in more than 9,000 buildings. The surrounding palace wall is about three kilometers long, with gorgeous corners standing on all sides, surrounded by a moat 52 meters wide, forming a fortified castle. The architectural layout of the Forbidden City Palace is divided into the outer dynasty and the inner court. With the three main halls of Taihe, Zhonghe and Baohe as the center, and the two halls of culture and Wuying as the two wings, it was the main place for the emperor to hold a ceremony and to call on the monks and exercise their rights. The inner court has the Palace of Heavenly Purity, Palace of Peace, Kunning Palace, and the Sixth and East Palaces. It is the place where the emperor handles daily government affairs and the concubines and prince s live, play, and worship. To the southeast is the narrow north-south vestibule, with Heruimen, forming the prelude to a long series of buildings in front of the palace gate. The main gate is the Wumen Gate, the north gate is Shenwu Gate, the east gate is Donghua Gate, and the west gate is Xihua Gate. Behind the Noon Gate is a square square with a curved Jinshui River running across the river. Five white marble single-hole stone bridges cross the river. To the north of the bridge is the Taihe Gate at the top of the palace with nine double eaves, with Zhaode and Zhendu two gates on both sides. East and West of the square are the Concorde and Yihe Gates leading to the Palace of Mandarin and Wuying. The three main halls are the main buildings facing outwards. The entrance to the Taihe Gate is facing the Taihe Hall with 11 wide eaves, and the middle is the square single eaves spire with the Zhonghe Hall. Finally, there are nine double eaves. The three palaces are built on an I-shaped three -layer white marble platform, surrounded by corridors and magnificent, and are the most magnificent buildings in the Forbidden City. The inner court starts from the Qianqing Gate, and the buildings on the central axis include the Qianqing Palace, Jiaotai Temple, Kunning Palace, and the surrounding twelve courtyards. There are six independent courtyards in the east and west of the Qianqing Palace, namely, the East Sixth Palace and the West Sixth Palace. There are the Fengxian Temple and Zhai Palace to the south. To the east of the inner axis of the inner court is a group of buildings in Ningshou Palace, commonly known as Outer East Road, and in the west there are Cining Palace, Shoukang Palace, and Yinghua Palace. There are three other gardens in the inner court. The Imperial Garden is at the tail of the central axis of the Forbidden City. The Ningshou Palace Garden is west of the Ningshou Palace s Yangxin Hall. The architectural atmosphere of the inner court is very different from that of the outer court.
The majestic architecture and grandeur of the Forbidden City are the essence of ancient Chinese architectural art. The Forbidden City also holds a large number of precious cultural relics, which are important materials for studying the history and art of the Ming and Qing dynasties.
Visiting children under 1.2 meters are free to visit. College, elementary, and elementary school students (including Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan, excluding adult education and graduate students) can purchase 20 yuan discount tickets with student ID and school introduction letter (excluding the museum, the same below) Implementation Measures for Collective Visits for Primary and Middle School Students in the Palace Museum
Retired persons can visit with a retired certificate for free. 50% discount on tickets for senior citizens with old card. 50% discount on tickets for people holding social security receipt cards. March 8th Women s Day, women visit at half price . Children s Day on June 1 is free for children to visit (with parents at half price).