Baima Snow Mountain is located in Deqin County, Yunnan Province, covering an area of 190,144 hectares. It was established with the approval of the Yunnan Provincial People s Government in 1983 and was promoted to the national level in 1988. The main protection objects are alpine coniferous forests, natural landscapes of mountain vegetation vertical belts, and Yunnan golden monkeys.
This area is located in the middle of the Hengduan Mountains. The towering Yunling runs through the area from north to south. There are 20 peaks over 5,000 meters. The main peak, Baima Snow Mountain, has an elevation of 5,430 meters and a relative height difference of more than 3,000 meters. The vertical distribution of vegetation in the area is obvious. Within a horizontal distance of less than 40 kilometers, there are 7-16 plant distribution bands, which is equivalent to thousands of kilometers from south to north in China . It is a spectacle. There are more than ten species of national key protected plants in this area, such as star leaf grass and Pseudotsuga lanceolata, and more than 30 species of key protected animals include Yunnan golden monkey, clouded leopard, and red panda . It is known as the cold temperate alpine animal and plant kingdom. It has high scientific value.
The majestic Yunling Mountains belong to the Hengduan Mountains. The peaks are continuous and snow-capped, and the main peak overlooking the snow all year round is like a white horse running in Mercedes-Benz, hence the name White Horse Snow Mountain. In order to protect the natural vertical landscape of the typical mountainous vertical zone of the Hengduan Mountains and Alpine Canyon and to maintain the water and soil of the upper reaches of the Jinsha River, in 1983, the slopes of the Jinsha River in Baima Snow Mountain and Renzhi Snow Mountain in Deqin County, Yunnan Province were allocated 190,000 hectares to establish nature protection The area has now expanded to 270,000 hectares. There are 20 main peaks with an altitude of more than 5,000 meters in the entire reserve; the highest peak is Baima Snow Mountain, which reaches 5,430 meters.
The climate of the protected area changes with the elevation, forming the characteristics of dry heat in the valley and severe cold in the mountains. The vertical band spectrum of natural landscape is very obvious; in the dry and hot valley of the Jinsha River below 2300 meters above sea level, it is a sparse forest shrub grass slope zone. The habitat is dry and the vegetation is sparse. On the Yunwu Mountain Belt at an altitude of 3000-3200 meters, there are coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests with abundant tree species. At an altitude of 3200-4000 meters, the terrain is high and cold. It is mainly composed of Abies longiflora, Cangshan fir and other firs. The forest is neat and tidy, and it is the habitat of the golden snub- nosed monkey., Liushitan sparse vegetation belt; above 5,000 meters above sea level are extremely high mountains and snow, each belt has its own characteristics.
The environment is quiet, there are few humans, and there are many biological species. There are 47 species of common beasts and 45 species of birds. It is an ideal place for the Yunnan golden snub-nosed monkeys unique to China. In addition, there are also red pandas and green-tailed rainbow salamanders that are only produced in the Hengduan Mountains. At higher altitudes, there are rare wild animals such as clouded leopards, white horse chickens and horse musk.
Alpine azalea forest is not only an important type of dwarf forest, but also one of the most delicate forest types. Its plants are low in shape, natural in shape, and highly ornamental. It is one of the widely distributed vegetation types in western Yunnan .
The distribution of Rhododendron forest in western Yunnan is closely related to the vertical band spectrum of forest vegetation. Rhododendron rhododendron-Yunnan pine forest at an elevation of 2600-3000 meters above sea level, there are large white flowers rhododendron, small pink-backed rhododendron , etc.; Rhododendron azalea, rhododendron chinensis, Rhododendron scrotum, etc.; the rhododendrons in the alpine bush meadows of 4000-4200 meters are mostly distributed in a community shape. The above three types of rhododendrons together constitute the alpine rhododendron forest in western Yunnan. In spring or at the turn of spring and summer, rhododendrons are in bloom, with strange flowers and gorgeous colors, which are highly ornamental.
Alpine Rhododendron forest in western Yunnan is rich in rhododendron species, including more than 200 species such as dense branch rhododendron, golden-backed rhododendron, silver-backed rhododendron, Weihua rhododendron, and small-leaved rhododendron. Rhododendron blooms in the season, strange flowers, numerous colors, to decorate the mountains magnificently. When the snow and ice melted in the early summer, alpine azaleas bloomed brightly throughout the mountains, putting a decent coat on the desolate mountains.
Traffic Tips: After entering the Baima Snow Mountain Natural Scenic Reserve, the scenery is beautiful (note that there are quite a lot of bends in this section, friends who are motion sick need to make some preparations in advance). Get dressed and get out of the car to watch the scenery, which is covered with snow all year round and the scenery is charming.