Badaling is located 60 kilometers northwest of Beijing, with a longitude of 116 ° 65 and a latitude of 40 ° 25 north. It is a mountain pass with mountain peaks and mountains. Chang an Kehua of the Ming Dynasty said, The road has been divided since then, extending in all directions, hence the name Badaling, which is the highest in Guanshan.
The name Badaling was first seen in the long poems of the Jin Dynasty poet Liu Ying, Under Badaling, Up to Dandan, and Out of Badaling. The Yuan Dynasty, here called the North Exit, is relative to the South Exit. The south exit is within the territory of Changping County in the northern suburbs of Beijing. From the south exit to the north exit, there is a 40-mile-long gorge. The gorge contains the famous gate of the Great Wall Juyong Pass . The highest point at the northern end of Gaoguanguangou in Badaling. Here, the two peaks are intertwined, and they open up together. The situation is extremely dangerous. Seeing Juyongguan from below the Badaling, such as Jianye, like a peephole . The ancients were at risk of being ridiculous, not in Guancheng, but in Badaling said. The special terrain of the Badaling Pass has become a battleground for soldiers of all ages, and has always been guarded by heavy soldiers. Badaling has become a strategic place for military affairs, dating b ack to the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. According to the Historical Records and the census of cultural relics workers in recent years, it has been proven that the Great Wall was built around the Badaling area during the Warring States Period . Today, there are still remnants of walls and pier platforms. Its direction is generally consistent with the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty., Juyong two closed cities. The Northern Wei Dynasty s Shui Jing Zhuo said: Juyong Pass is in the Juyong Realm, so the name of the pass is also, and the south is a sacred valley. The base stone is the gate site. … Therefore, some experts believe that Han Zhiju is located in Yongguan, and the site is at Badaling. Where does the name Ju Yong come from? Emperor Qin Shihuang built the Great Wall, migrating a group of poor farmers and prisoners from the south, and settled in the small basin of Qiongchuan, the capital of the military. When Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, he set up Qichuan in Yong County (like Yanqing). The geomorphology and landscape of Guanguan recorded in Shui Jing Zhu are the same as the geographical environment of Badaling.
In the Northern Wei Dynasty 1,500 years ago, the Great Wall was built in the Badaling area. According to the Book of the Ancestors of the Wei Dynasty, in the seventh year (446) of the Taiping Zhenjun of the Northern Wei Dynasty, the Great Wall was built to the north of the Pingcheng (now Datong), the capital of the kingdom. Mountain (that is, Badaling area), west to the bank of the Yellow River. Later, he went to the Northern Qi Dynasty for six years (555 years) to build the Great Wall. Datong was built in the west, and Shandong went to the army. The Great Wall was extended to the sea.
The ancestor of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang, knew the military importance of the city walls. When he became emperor, he built the wall and prepared for war. At that time, cities and counties also built cities. Zhu Yuanzhang sent generals Xu Da and Feng Sheng and other troops to build a barrier in the north, build the Great Wall, and step up training to prevent the remnants of the Yuan from invading south.
In 1403, Zhu Xi, the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty, was enthroned. In 1420, he moved the capital from Nanjing to Beijing. Zhu Xi was determined to reunify China. He made five royal expeditions, and his army penetrated the Mongolian plateau as far as the nearby Onen River in the Soviet Union. (After 1488), the vast and comprehensive construction of the Great Wall began. After a long period of 270 years, a total of 18 large-scale construction projects have finally completed a high wall, starting from the Yalu River in Liaoning Province in the east and ending in Bronji to the west of Jiayuguan in Gansu Province. This is what we usually say The Great Wall of China can be seen. The Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty has a total length of more than 14,600 li and passes through seven provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in northern China. Regardless of the level of engineering technology and the strictness of fortification, the previous Great Wall was incomparable. In this sense, it can be said that the Great Wall of China we saw today was built in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods, connected to the Qin Shihuang period, and perfected in the Ming Dynasty.
万 The Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty is no longer a single high wall, but a defense system built in layers. The key areas also have multiple walls and customs. Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei and other places have built the Great Wall Double Line. There are four Great Wall Double Lines in Shanxi. In important transportation and military places, many closed cities and short walls are built, such as the Shili Valley in Yanmenguan, with 28 stone walls, which can be described as blocks of soil , step by step.
The Badaling is witness to many major events in history. After the first emperor Qin Shihuang came to the east of Shijie, he took Datong from Badaling and drove back to Xianyang, while Empress Xiao Xun Xingxing, Yuan Taizu entered the customs, the Yuan emperor traveled between Beijing and Shangdu twice a year, the Ming emperor s northern expedition, The emperor of the Qing Dynasty procured … Badaling is a must pass. To the royal lords and literati of different dynasties who recite Badaling s poems are numerous . The poet who left the poem first was Gao Shi, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, who wrote the mountains and the clouds are high together. As for the years of ethnic strife and Jinge iron horses, the Badaling has staged grand historical dramas. Today, the misery of old China, the history of two thousand years of princely hegemony, and the change of dynasties have become a distant past. The Great Wall has 100,000 miles and 50 years of culture. The times have given the Badaling Great Wall a new mission. It stands like a precious historical monument, standing on top of the mountains, shining with the glory of the Chinese nation s civilization and wisdom, and also showing the great quality and spirit of the Chinese nation s perseverance and perseverance. It has become a bond of friendship between people of all ethnic groups in China, overseas Chinese, and international friends. It is a precious cultural heritage of mankind.
After the founding of New China, in 1952, Comrade Guo Moruo, deputy prime minister of the State Council and director of the Cultural Education Committee, proposed to repair the Badaling Great Wall to receive domestic and foreign tourists.
Since the Qing Dynasty, the Badaling Great Wall has been gradually abandoned. The north door key on the west side of Guancheng was destroyed more than half; the pier on the juyongwai town on the east was crumbling; the walls, coffer walls, duokou, pedestals, and enemy buildings of the Great Wall were already broken walls.. After the State Council made the decision to repair, the relevant departments acted immediately, and then carried out several repairs.
In 1961, the State Council identified the Badaling Pass and the city walls as key national cultural relics protection units. In 1984, under the initiative of comrades Love My China, Build My Great Wall, the ancient Xiongguan changed its appearance and repaired 19 enemy buildings. The total length of the city walls was 3741 meters, bringing the total area of the tour to 19,000 square meters. In 1986, Badaling was named one of the sixteen new sights of Beijing. In 1987, the United Nations accepted the Great Wall of China as a World Cultural Heritage. In August 1991, Badaling, as the essence of the Great Wall of China, received the UNESCO Cultural Heritage Certificate at the Beijing Palace Museum. In December 1991, at the naming convention for the forty best selection of Chinese tourist attractions held in Zhuhai (94 candidate attractions across the country, 480,000 valid votes were recovered), Badaling is famous for its attractions, with an absolute multiple of 370,000 votes It has become one of the top 40 tourist attractions in China.
The Badaling Great Wall is well-known both at home and abroad and has a worldwide reputation. It is the earliest area where the Great Wall of China was opened to tourists. Not to be a hero without the Great Wall. So far. Badaling has received 130 million Chinese and foreign tourists. Nixon, Reagan, Thatcher, Gorbachev, Elizabeth, Heath and other 372 foreign leaders and many world figures have boarded Badaling for sightseeing. This kind of situation is really rare in the world scenic spots. The Badaling Great Wall left visitors with a deep impression and endless aftertaste.
The Badaling Great Wall, as the essence of the Great Wall of China, is welcoming the admirers of heaven and earth with its ancient and young majestic posture. People who have boarded the Great Wall are astounding.
Tourist bus: There are tourist buses to Badaling every day at Qianmen and Chongwenmen. Tickets can be booked a day or two in advance, or tickets can be bought temporarily.